Some but not all benefits of intravenous immunoglobulin therapy after marrow transplantation appear to correlate with IgG trough levels

M. Cottler-Fox, M. Lynch, L. W. Pickle, R. Cahill, T. R. Spitzer, H. J. Deeg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Multiple benefits of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy after marrow transplantation have been reported, including decreased incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), infection, sepsis, cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonitis and platelet use. To test the hypothesis that the observed beneficial effects of IVIG are related to the serum IgG levels achieved, we followed IgG levels (pre-infusion, 1h and 24h post-infusion) in 45 consecutive marrow transplant recipients. IVIG 500 mg/kg was given weekly for six doses starting day -8 pre-transplant, then every other week for a total of 11 doses. Forty-one patients (22 allogeneic, 17 autologous, two syngeneic) were evaluable. Patients with acute GVHD had significantly lower serum IgG trough levels (<1200 mg/dl) noted at day + 20 post-transplant and afterwards than patients without GVHD (≥1200 mg/dl). Pharmacokinetic modeling of the data indicates that IgG half-life between day -8 and day +6 may predict which recipients are at increased risk of acute GVHD. Allogeneic recipients in the group with trough levels <1200 mg/dl required more platelet transfusions. Although there was no significant difference in fungal infection rates or bacteremia, sepsis was noted in only two recipients (one allogeneic, one autologous), both with serum IgG trough levels <1200 mg/dl. In addition, three allogeneic recipients had cytomegalovirus pneumonitis, all in the group with lower IgG trough levels. Thus, while serum IgG trough levels <1200 mg/dl appear to be strongly associated with acute GVHD, low levels may also be associated with increased platelet utilization, with cytomegalovirus pneumonitis, and sepsis, but not with the overall incidence of infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-33
Number of pages7
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Volume8
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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