The present study establishes relationships between structure and reactivity for the pyrroloquinoline and phenanthroline quinones. The electrochemical reductions of 1,7- and 1,10-phenanthroline-5,6-quinones, like other quinones, are reversible and occur by 2e- transfer in a single step in aqueous solution and by two 1e(-)-transfer steps in aprotic media. The electron-withdrawing pyridine moieties both increase their potentials and stabilize their aprotic semiquinones. The electrochemistry of the cofactor methoxatin and its trimethylester derivative is similar to the phenanthroline quinones in aqueous solution. However, the electrochemical reductions of methoxatin and its triester in aprotic solutions are characterized by at least three potentials, each accounting for less than 1e-. This has been explained by the proposal of semiquinone complexing with itself and with quinone. Despite an electron-donating pyrrole moiety, methoxatin and its trimethylester have relatively high potentials in aprotic solution. This is presumably due to stabilization of radical anions by the aforementioned complexing or by delocalization with carboxylic acid and ester groups. The reduction potential of methoxatin, in both aqueous and aprotic solvent, suggests that oxidation of methanol should be a thermodynamically favorable process. No evidence for an electrochemically reduced state lower than the quinol was found for any of the compounds. Chemical reactivity is influenced by the orientation of the pyridine nitrogen. The two quinones with a pyridine nitrogen peri to a quinone carbonyl add and oxidize nucleophiles most readily.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Apr 1982|
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