Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ) ozone climatology (2005-2009): Tropospheric and tropical tropopause layer (TTL) profiles with comparisons to OMI-based ozone products

Anne M. Thompson, Sonya K. Miller, Simone Tilmes, Debra W. Kollonige, Jacquelyn C. Witte, Samuel J. Oltmans, Bryan J. Johnson, Masatomo Fujiwara, F. J. Schmidlin, G. J.R. Coetzee, Ninong Komala, Matakite Maata, Maznorizan Bt Mohamad, J. Nguyo, C. Mutai, S. Y. Ogino, F. Raimundo Da Silva, N. M.Paes Leme, Francoise Posny, Rinus ScheeleHenry B. Selkirk, Masato Shiotani, René Stbi, Gilbert Levrat, Bertrand Calpini, Valérie Thouret, Haruo Tsuruta, Jessica Valverde Canossa, Holger Vmel, S. Yonemura, Jorge Andrés Diaz, Nguyen T. Tan Thanh, Hoang T. Thuy Ha

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We present a regional and seasonal climatology of SHADOZ ozone profiles in the troposphere and tropical tropopause layer (TTL) based on measurements taken during the first five years of Aura, 2005-2009, when new stations joined the network at Hanoi, Vietnam; Hilo, Hawaii; Alajuela/Heredia, Costa Rica; Cotonou, Benin. In all, 15 stations operated during that period. A west-to-east progression of decreasing convective influence and increasing pollution leads to distinct tropospheric ozone profiles in three regions: (1) western Pacific/eastern Indian Ocean; (2) equatorial Americas (San Cristóbal, Alajuela, Paramaribo); (3) Atlantic and Africa. Comparisons in total ozone column from soundings, the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI, on Aura, 2004-) satellite and ground-based instrumentation are presented. Most stations show better agreement with OMI than they did for EP/TOMS comparisons (1998-2004; Earth-Probe/Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer), partly due to a revised above-burst ozone climatology. Possible station biases in the stratospheric segment of the ozone measurement noted in the first 7 years of SHADOZ ozone profiles are re-examined. High stratospheric bias observed during the TOMS period appears to persist at one station. Comparisons of SHADOZ tropospheric ozone and the daily Trajectory-enhanced Tropospheric Ozone Residual (TTOR) product (based on OMI/MLS) show that the satellite-derived column amount averages 25% low. Correlations between TTOR and the SHADOZ sondes are quite good (typical r2 = 0.5-0.8), however, which may account for why some published residual-based OMI products capture tropospheric interannual variability fairly realistically. On the other hand, no clear explanations emerge for why TTOR-sonde discrepancies vary over a wide range at most SHADOZ sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberD23301
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Issue number23
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Thompson, A. M., Miller, S. K., Tilmes, S., Kollonige, D. W., Witte, J. C., Oltmans, S. J., Johnson, B. J., Fujiwara, M., Schmidlin, F. J., Coetzee, G. J. R., Komala, N., Maata, M., Bt Mohamad, M., Nguyo, J., Mutai, C., Ogino, S. Y., Da Silva, F. R., Leme, N. M. P., Posny, F., ... Thuy Ha, H. T. (2012). Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ) ozone climatology (2005-2009): Tropospheric and tropical tropopause layer (TTL) profiles with comparisons to OMI-based ozone products. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 117(23), [D23301].