Spatial memory using active allothetic place avoidance in adult rats after isoflurane anesthesia: A potential model for postoperative cognitive dysfunction

Zyad J. Carr, Marc C. Torjman, Kwasi Manu, George Dy, Michael E. Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: We described a paradigm of active allothetic place avoidance (AAPA) as a measure of spatial memory in adult rats. We hypothesized that, pending successful AAPA training, treatment with isoflurane would trigger spatial memory deficits. Methods: Fifteen of 20 adult rats were successfully trained and randomly allocated to control and isoflurane treatment groups. An additional 7 animals were used to demonstrate hemodynamic stability during general anesthesia. After training, experimental animals received a 2-hour isoflurane anesthetic. General endotracheal anesthesia was maintained at an isoflurane concentration of 1.8% to 2%. After intervention, retention of training was tested on postanesthesia days 1, 3, and 7. Results: Animals treated with isoflurane displayed selected spatial memory changes up to postanesthesia day 7. There were 2 findings of decreased active avoidance behavior in rats receiving isoflurane: a significant (P=0.029) reduction in maximum path of avoidance in the isoflurane-treated rats compared with controls, and a significant (P=0.038) increase in total path length in the controls. No other measured AAPA parameters achieved statistical significance. Conclusions: Control animals demonstrated increased active avoidance behavior in the AAPA task compared with isoflurane-treated animals. Animals exposed to 2-hour isoflurane general anesthetic had a reduction in the maximum path of avoidance measure up to 7 days postanesthesia, whereas gross spatial parameters such as number of entrances into the shock zone were not significantly different between groups. The AAPA model may prove useful in ascertaining the learning and memory deficits of postoperative cognitive dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)138-145
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Spatial memory using active allothetic place avoidance in adult rats after isoflurane anesthesia: A potential model for postoperative cognitive dysfunction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this