Specific disulfide cleavage is required for ubiquitin conjugation and degradation of lysozyme

R. L. Dunten, R. E. Cohen, L. Gregori, Vincent Chau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Both ubiquitin conjugation and ubiquitin-dependent degradation of chicken egg white lysozyme in a reticulocyte lysate depend on the presence of a reducing agent. We present evidence that the reduction of a specific disulfide bond, namely that at Cys6-Cys127, facilitates ubiquitination and is a prerequisite to the formation of a multiubiquitin chain on one of at least four chain initiation sites on lysozyme. The Cys6-Cys127 disulfide bond in lysozyme can be specifically reduced, and the modified protein can be isolated after carboxymethylation of the 2 resulting cysteines. This modified lysozyme no longer requires the presence of a reducing agent for ubiquitin conjugation and degradation. Inhibition of ubiquitination by the dipeptide Lys-Ala revealed that this modified lysozyme, like the unmodified protein, is recognized via the binding of the ubiquitin protein ligase, E3, to the substrate's N-terminal lysyl residue. Both the rate and the extent of ubiquitin-lysozyme conjugation, however, are significantly higher with this modified substrate. Likewise, ubiquitin-dependent degradation of 6,127-reduced/carboxymethylated lysozyme was 2-4-fold faster than degradation of the unmodified counterpart. These results are consistent with an interpretation that the modified lysozyme mimics an intermediate formed at the rate-limiting step of the degradation of lysozyme in the reticulocyte lysate. Reduction of the Cys6-Cys127 disulfide bond is expected to unhinge the N-terminal region of lysozyme, and we propose that the recognition of this otherwise stable protein by the ubiquitin pathway is due to facilitated binding of E3 that results from such a conformational transition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3260-3267
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume266
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 10 1991

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Muramidase
Ubiquitin
Disulfides
Degradation
Ubiquitination
Reticulocytes
Reducing Agents
lysyl-alanyl-alanine
Egg White
Proteins
Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
Dipeptides
Substrates
Cysteine
Chickens
Carrier Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Specific disulfide cleavage is required for ubiquitin conjugation and degradation of lysozyme",
abstract = "Both ubiquitin conjugation and ubiquitin-dependent degradation of chicken egg white lysozyme in a reticulocyte lysate depend on the presence of a reducing agent. We present evidence that the reduction of a specific disulfide bond, namely that at Cys6-Cys127, facilitates ubiquitination and is a prerequisite to the formation of a multiubiquitin chain on one of at least four chain initiation sites on lysozyme. The Cys6-Cys127 disulfide bond in lysozyme can be specifically reduced, and the modified protein can be isolated after carboxymethylation of the 2 resulting cysteines. This modified lysozyme no longer requires the presence of a reducing agent for ubiquitin conjugation and degradation. Inhibition of ubiquitination by the dipeptide Lys-Ala revealed that this modified lysozyme, like the unmodified protein, is recognized via the binding of the ubiquitin protein ligase, E3, to the substrate's N-terminal lysyl residue. Both the rate and the extent of ubiquitin-lysozyme conjugation, however, are significantly higher with this modified substrate. Likewise, ubiquitin-dependent degradation of 6,127-reduced/carboxymethylated lysozyme was 2-4-fold faster than degradation of the unmodified counterpart. These results are consistent with an interpretation that the modified lysozyme mimics an intermediate formed at the rate-limiting step of the degradation of lysozyme in the reticulocyte lysate. Reduction of the Cys6-Cys127 disulfide bond is expected to unhinge the N-terminal region of lysozyme, and we propose that the recognition of this otherwise stable protein by the ubiquitin pathway is due to facilitated binding of E3 that results from such a conformational transition.",
author = "Dunten, {R. L.} and Cohen, {R. E.} and L. Gregori and Vincent Chau",
year = "1991",
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Specific disulfide cleavage is required for ubiquitin conjugation and degradation of lysozyme. / Dunten, R. L.; Cohen, R. E.; Gregori, L.; Chau, Vincent.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 266, No. 5, 10.07.1991, p. 3260-3267.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Specific disulfide cleavage is required for ubiquitin conjugation and degradation of lysozyme

AU - Dunten, R. L.

AU - Cohen, R. E.

AU - Gregori, L.

AU - Chau, Vincent

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Y1 - 1991/7/10

N2 - Both ubiquitin conjugation and ubiquitin-dependent degradation of chicken egg white lysozyme in a reticulocyte lysate depend on the presence of a reducing agent. We present evidence that the reduction of a specific disulfide bond, namely that at Cys6-Cys127, facilitates ubiquitination and is a prerequisite to the formation of a multiubiquitin chain on one of at least four chain initiation sites on lysozyme. The Cys6-Cys127 disulfide bond in lysozyme can be specifically reduced, and the modified protein can be isolated after carboxymethylation of the 2 resulting cysteines. This modified lysozyme no longer requires the presence of a reducing agent for ubiquitin conjugation and degradation. Inhibition of ubiquitination by the dipeptide Lys-Ala revealed that this modified lysozyme, like the unmodified protein, is recognized via the binding of the ubiquitin protein ligase, E3, to the substrate's N-terminal lysyl residue. Both the rate and the extent of ubiquitin-lysozyme conjugation, however, are significantly higher with this modified substrate. Likewise, ubiquitin-dependent degradation of 6,127-reduced/carboxymethylated lysozyme was 2-4-fold faster than degradation of the unmodified counterpart. These results are consistent with an interpretation that the modified lysozyme mimics an intermediate formed at the rate-limiting step of the degradation of lysozyme in the reticulocyte lysate. Reduction of the Cys6-Cys127 disulfide bond is expected to unhinge the N-terminal region of lysozyme, and we propose that the recognition of this otherwise stable protein by the ubiquitin pathway is due to facilitated binding of E3 that results from such a conformational transition.

AB - Both ubiquitin conjugation and ubiquitin-dependent degradation of chicken egg white lysozyme in a reticulocyte lysate depend on the presence of a reducing agent. We present evidence that the reduction of a specific disulfide bond, namely that at Cys6-Cys127, facilitates ubiquitination and is a prerequisite to the formation of a multiubiquitin chain on one of at least four chain initiation sites on lysozyme. The Cys6-Cys127 disulfide bond in lysozyme can be specifically reduced, and the modified protein can be isolated after carboxymethylation of the 2 resulting cysteines. This modified lysozyme no longer requires the presence of a reducing agent for ubiquitin conjugation and degradation. Inhibition of ubiquitination by the dipeptide Lys-Ala revealed that this modified lysozyme, like the unmodified protein, is recognized via the binding of the ubiquitin protein ligase, E3, to the substrate's N-terminal lysyl residue. Both the rate and the extent of ubiquitin-lysozyme conjugation, however, are significantly higher with this modified substrate. Likewise, ubiquitin-dependent degradation of 6,127-reduced/carboxymethylated lysozyme was 2-4-fold faster than degradation of the unmodified counterpart. These results are consistent with an interpretation that the modified lysozyme mimics an intermediate formed at the rate-limiting step of the degradation of lysozyme in the reticulocyte lysate. Reduction of the Cys6-Cys127 disulfide bond is expected to unhinge the N-terminal region of lysozyme, and we propose that the recognition of this otherwise stable protein by the ubiquitin pathway is due to facilitated binding of E3 that results from such a conformational transition.

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