Recently there has been increasing concern regarding the effects of low-frequency magnetic fields on humans and livestock. A portable magnetometer is essential for monitoring the field dose encountered. There are some devices currently available for this purpose which use the induced EMF technique. The field sensitivity for these devices depends on the number of turns of coil used. This limits the minimum size of devices with reasonable performance. The magnetometer considered in this paper overcomes this size limitation by using a highly magnetostrictive material, Terfenol-D, as the magnetic field sensor. The primary focus of this paper is to determine the magnetic field spectral characteristics using digital signal processing. A survey of spectral estimation techniques are presented, followed by their application to the Terfenol-D magnetic field signal. The estimators are compared using data obtained from a magnetometer hardware prototype. Using these methods it was possible to detect signal for a field strength of 20 milligauss.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering