Spectral evolution of a New X-Ray transient MAXIJ0556-332 observed by MAXI, swift, and RXTE

Mutsumi Sugizaki, Kazutaka Yamaoka, Masaru Matsuoka, Jamie A. Kennea, Tatehiro Mihara, Kazuo Hiroi, Masaki Ishikawa, Naoki Isobe, Nobuyuki Kawai, Masashi Kimura, Hiroki Kitayama, Mitsuhiro Kohama, Takanori Matsumura, Mikio Morii, Yujin E. Nakagawa, Satoshi Nakahira, Motoki Nakajima, Hitoshi Negoro, Motoko Serino, Megumi ShidatsuTetsuya Sootome, Kousuke Sugimori, Fumitoshi Suwa, Takahiro Toizumi, Hiroshi Tomida, Yoko Tsuboi, Hiroshi Tsunemi, Yoshihiro Ueda, Shiro Ueno, Ryuichi Usui, Takayuki Yamamoto, Makoto Yamauchi, Kyohei Yamazaki, Atsumasa Yoshida

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Abstract

We report on the spectral evolution of a new X-ray transient, MAXIJ0556-332, observed by MAXI, Swift, and RXTE. The source was discovered on 2011 January 11 (MJD = 55572) by the MAXI Gas Slit Camera allsky survey at (l , b) = (238.i9, -25.i2), relatively away from the Galactic plane. Swift/XRT follow-up observations identified it with a previously uncatalogued bright X-ray source, which led to optical identification. For more than one year since its appearance, MAXIJ0556-332 has been X-ray active, with a 2-10 keV intensity above 30 mCrab. The MAXI/GSC data revealed rapid X-ray brightening in the first five days, and a hard-to-soft transition in the meantime. For the following ×70 days, the 0.5-30 keV spectra, obtained by the Swift/XRT and the RXTE/PCA on an almost daily basis, show a gradual hardening, with large flux variability. These spectra are approximated by a cutoff power-law with a photon index of 0.4-1 and a high-energy exponential cutoff at 1.5-5 keV, throughout the initial 10 months where the spectral evolution is mainly represented by a change of the cutoff energy. To be more physical, the spectra are consistently explained by thermal emission from an accretion disk plus Comptonized emission from a boundary layer around a neutron star. This supports the source identification as being a neutron-star X-ray binary. The obtained spectral parameters agree with those of neutron-star X-ray binaries in the soft state, whose luminosity is higher than 1.8 × 1037 erg s-1. This suggests a source distance of >17 kpc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number58
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Volume65
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 25 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Sugizaki, M., Yamaoka, K., Matsuoka, M., Kennea, J. A., Mihara, T., Hiroi, K., Ishikawa, M., Isobe, N., Kawai, N., Kimura, M., Kitayama, H., Kohama, M., Matsumura, T., Morii, M., Nakagawa, Y. E., Nakahira, S., Nakajima, M., Negoro, H., Serino, M., ... Yoshida, A. (2013). Spectral evolution of a New X-Ray transient MAXIJ0556-332 observed by MAXI, swift, and RXTE. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, 65(3), [58]. https://doi.org/10.1093/pasj/65.3.58