We report on the surface stoichiometry of Ga-polar GaN films grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition as studied by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. GaN film surfaces are found to be Ga-rich, with Ga:N ratios ranging from 1.3:1 to 3.2:1. In vacuo ion-beam sputter/annealing studies show that these treatments drive the apparent Ga:N surface composition farther from unity, either through a decrease in surface contamination, oxidation of the surface, or both. Simple annealing experiments decrease the Ga:N ratio. The measured GaN ratio is correlated with the GaN growth time, suggesting that residual Ga precursor after growth interacts with the GaN surface as it cools.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)