Spectrum of very high energy gamma-rays from the blazar 1ES 1959+650 during flaring activity in 2002

M. K. Daniel, H. M. Badran, I. H. Bond, P. J. Boyle, S. M. Bradbury, J. H. Buckley, D. A. Carter-Lewis, M. Catanese, O. Celik, P. Cogan, W. Cui, M. D'Vali, I. De La Calle Perez, C. Duke, A. Falcone, D. J. Fegan, S. J. Fegan, J. P. Finley, L. F. Fortson, J. A. GaidosS. Gammell, K. Gibbs, G. H. Gillanders, J. Grube, J. Hall, T. A. Hall, D. Hanna, A. M. Hillas, J. Holder, D. Horan, T. B. Humensky, A. Jarvis, M. Jordan, G. E. Kenny, M. Kertzman, D. Kieda, J. Kildea, J. Knapp, K. Kosack, H. Krawczynski, F. Krennrich, M. J. Lang, S. L.E. Bohec, E. Linton, J. Lloyd-Evans, A. Milovanovic, P. Moriarty, D. Müller, T. Nagai, S. Nolan, R. A. Ong, R. Pallassini, D. Petry, B. Power-Mooney, J. Quinn, M. Quinn, K. Ragan, P. Rebillot, P. T. Reynolds, H. J. Rose, M. Schroedter, G. H. Sembroski, S. P. Swordy, A. Syson, V. V. Vassiliev, S. P. Wakely, G. Walker, T. C. Weekes, J. Zweerink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The blazar 1ES 1959+650 was observed in a flaring state with the Whipple 10 m Imaging Atmospheric Cerenkov Telescope in 2002 May. A spectral analysis has been carried out on the data from that time period, and the resulting very high energy gamma-ray spectrum (E ≥ 316 GeV) can be well fitted by a power law of differential spectral index α = 2.78 ± 0.12stat ± 0.21sys. On 2002 June 4, the source flared dramatically in the gamma-ray range without any coincident increase in the X-ray emission, providing the first unambiguous example of an "orphan" gamma-ray flare from a blazar. The gamma-ray spectrum for these data can also be described by a simple power-law fit with α = 2.82 ± 0.15stat ± 0.30sys. There is no compelling evidence for spectral variability or for any cutoff to the spectrum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-187
Number of pages7
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume621
Issue number1 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005

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gamma ray spectra
gamma rays
power law
flares
spectrum analysis
energy
orphan
energy spectra
cut-off
telescopes
spectral analysis
x rays
flaring

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Daniel, M. K., Badran, H. M., Bond, I. H., Boyle, P. J., Bradbury, S. M., Buckley, J. H., ... Zweerink, J. (2005). Spectrum of very high energy gamma-rays from the blazar 1ES 1959+650 during flaring activity in 2002. Astrophysical Journal, 621(1 I), 181-187. https://doi.org/10.1086/427406
Daniel, M. K. ; Badran, H. M. ; Bond, I. H. ; Boyle, P. J. ; Bradbury, S. M. ; Buckley, J. H. ; Carter-Lewis, D. A. ; Catanese, M. ; Celik, O. ; Cogan, P. ; Cui, W. ; D'Vali, M. ; De La Calle Perez, I. ; Duke, C. ; Falcone, A. ; Fegan, D. J. ; Fegan, S. J. ; Finley, J. P. ; Fortson, L. F. ; Gaidos, J. A. ; Gammell, S. ; Gibbs, K. ; Gillanders, G. H. ; Grube, J. ; Hall, J. ; Hall, T. A. ; Hanna, D. ; Hillas, A. M. ; Holder, J. ; Horan, D. ; Humensky, T. B. ; Jarvis, A. ; Jordan, M. ; Kenny, G. E. ; Kertzman, M. ; Kieda, D. ; Kildea, J. ; Knapp, J. ; Kosack, K. ; Krawczynski, H. ; Krennrich, F. ; Lang, M. J. ; Bohec, S. L.E. ; Linton, E. ; Lloyd-Evans, J. ; Milovanovic, A. ; Moriarty, P. ; Müller, D. ; Nagai, T. ; Nolan, S. ; Ong, R. A. ; Pallassini, R. ; Petry, D. ; Power-Mooney, B. ; Quinn, J. ; Quinn, M. ; Ragan, K. ; Rebillot, P. ; Reynolds, P. T. ; Rose, H. J. ; Schroedter, M. ; Sembroski, G. H. ; Swordy, S. P. ; Syson, A. ; Vassiliev, V. V. ; Wakely, S. P. ; Walker, G. ; Weekes, T. C. ; Zweerink, J. / Spectrum of very high energy gamma-rays from the blazar 1ES 1959+650 during flaring activity in 2002. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2005 ; Vol. 621, No. 1 I. pp. 181-187.
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abstract = "The blazar 1ES 1959+650 was observed in a flaring state with the Whipple 10 m Imaging Atmospheric Cerenkov Telescope in 2002 May. A spectral analysis has been carried out on the data from that time period, and the resulting very high energy gamma-ray spectrum (E ≥ 316 GeV) can be well fitted by a power law of differential spectral index α = 2.78 ± 0.12stat ± 0.21sys. On 2002 June 4, the source flared dramatically in the gamma-ray range without any coincident increase in the X-ray emission, providing the first unambiguous example of an {"}orphan{"} gamma-ray flare from a blazar. The gamma-ray spectrum for these data can also be described by a simple power-law fit with α = 2.82 ± 0.15stat ± 0.30sys. There is no compelling evidence for spectral variability or for any cutoff to the spectrum.",
author = "Daniel, {M. K.} and Badran, {H. M.} and Bond, {I. H.} and Boyle, {P. J.} and Bradbury, {S. M.} and Buckley, {J. H.} and Carter-Lewis, {D. A.} and M. Catanese and O. Celik and P. Cogan and W. Cui and M. D'Vali and {De La Calle Perez}, I. and C. Duke and A. Falcone and Fegan, {D. J.} and Fegan, {S. J.} and Finley, {J. P.} and Fortson, {L. F.} and Gaidos, {J. A.} and S. Gammell and K. Gibbs and Gillanders, {G. H.} and J. Grube and J. Hall and Hall, {T. A.} and D. Hanna and Hillas, {A. M.} and J. Holder and D. Horan and Humensky, {T. B.} and A. Jarvis and M. Jordan and Kenny, {G. E.} and M. Kertzman and D. Kieda and J. Kildea and J. Knapp and K. Kosack and H. Krawczynski and F. Krennrich and Lang, {M. J.} and Bohec, {S. L.E.} and E. Linton and J. Lloyd-Evans and A. Milovanovic and P. Moriarty and D. M{\"u}ller and T. Nagai and S. Nolan and Ong, {R. A.} and R. Pallassini and D. Petry and B. Power-Mooney and J. Quinn and M. Quinn and K. Ragan and P. Rebillot and Reynolds, {P. T.} and Rose, {H. J.} and M. Schroedter and Sembroski, {G. H.} and Swordy, {S. P.} and A. Syson and Vassiliev, {V. V.} and Wakely, {S. P.} and G. Walker and Weekes, {T. C.} and J. Zweerink",
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Daniel, MK, Badran, HM, Bond, IH, Boyle, PJ, Bradbury, SM, Buckley, JH, Carter-Lewis, DA, Catanese, M, Celik, O, Cogan, P, Cui, W, D'Vali, M, De La Calle Perez, I, Duke, C, Falcone, A, Fegan, DJ, Fegan, SJ, Finley, JP, Fortson, LF, Gaidos, JA, Gammell, S, Gibbs, K, Gillanders, GH, Grube, J, Hall, J, Hall, TA, Hanna, D, Hillas, AM, Holder, J, Horan, D, Humensky, TB, Jarvis, A, Jordan, M, Kenny, GE, Kertzman, M, Kieda, D, Kildea, J, Knapp, J, Kosack, K, Krawczynski, H, Krennrich, F, Lang, MJ, Bohec, SLE, Linton, E, Lloyd-Evans, J, Milovanovic, A, Moriarty, P, Müller, D, Nagai, T, Nolan, S, Ong, RA, Pallassini, R, Petry, D, Power-Mooney, B, Quinn, J, Quinn, M, Ragan, K, Rebillot, P, Reynolds, PT, Rose, HJ, Schroedter, M, Sembroski, GH, Swordy, SP, Syson, A, Vassiliev, VV, Wakely, SP, Walker, G, Weekes, TC & Zweerink, J 2005, 'Spectrum of very high energy gamma-rays from the blazar 1ES 1959+650 during flaring activity in 2002', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 621, no. 1 I, pp. 181-187. https://doi.org/10.1086/427406

Spectrum of very high energy gamma-rays from the blazar 1ES 1959+650 during flaring activity in 2002. / Daniel, M. K.; Badran, H. M.; Bond, I. H.; Boyle, P. J.; Bradbury, S. M.; Buckley, J. H.; Carter-Lewis, D. A.; Catanese, M.; Celik, O.; Cogan, P.; Cui, W.; D'Vali, M.; De La Calle Perez, I.; Duke, C.; Falcone, A.; Fegan, D. J.; Fegan, S. J.; Finley, J. P.; Fortson, L. F.; Gaidos, J. A.; Gammell, S.; Gibbs, K.; Gillanders, G. H.; Grube, J.; Hall, J.; Hall, T. A.; Hanna, D.; Hillas, A. M.; Holder, J.; Horan, D.; Humensky, T. B.; Jarvis, A.; Jordan, M.; Kenny, G. E.; Kertzman, M.; Kieda, D.; Kildea, J.; Knapp, J.; Kosack, K.; Krawczynski, H.; Krennrich, F.; Lang, M. J.; Bohec, S. L.E.; Linton, E.; Lloyd-Evans, J.; Milovanovic, A.; Moriarty, P.; Müller, D.; Nagai, T.; Nolan, S.; Ong, R. A.; Pallassini, R.; Petry, D.; Power-Mooney, B.; Quinn, J.; Quinn, M.; Ragan, K.; Rebillot, P.; Reynolds, P. T.; Rose, H. J.; Schroedter, M.; Sembroski, G. H.; Swordy, S. P.; Syson, A.; Vassiliev, V. V.; Wakely, S. P.; Walker, G.; Weekes, T. C.; Zweerink, J.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 621, No. 1 I, 01.03.2005, p. 181-187.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spectrum of very high energy gamma-rays from the blazar 1ES 1959+650 during flaring activity in 2002

AU - Daniel, M. K.

AU - Badran, H. M.

AU - Bond, I. H.

AU - Boyle, P. J.

AU - Bradbury, S. M.

AU - Buckley, J. H.

AU - Carter-Lewis, D. A.

AU - Catanese, M.

AU - Celik, O.

AU - Cogan, P.

AU - Cui, W.

AU - D'Vali, M.

AU - De La Calle Perez, I.

AU - Duke, C.

AU - Falcone, A.

AU - Fegan, D. J.

AU - Fegan, S. J.

AU - Finley, J. P.

AU - Fortson, L. F.

AU - Gaidos, J. A.

AU - Gammell, S.

AU - Gibbs, K.

AU - Gillanders, G. H.

AU - Grube, J.

AU - Hall, J.

AU - Hall, T. A.

AU - Hanna, D.

AU - Hillas, A. M.

AU - Holder, J.

AU - Horan, D.

AU - Humensky, T. B.

AU - Jarvis, A.

AU - Jordan, M.

AU - Kenny, G. E.

AU - Kertzman, M.

AU - Kieda, D.

AU - Kildea, J.

AU - Knapp, J.

AU - Kosack, K.

AU - Krawczynski, H.

AU - Krennrich, F.

AU - Lang, M. J.

AU - Bohec, S. L.E.

AU - Linton, E.

AU - Lloyd-Evans, J.

AU - Milovanovic, A.

AU - Moriarty, P.

AU - Müller, D.

AU - Nagai, T.

AU - Nolan, S.

AU - Ong, R. A.

AU - Pallassini, R.

AU - Petry, D.

AU - Power-Mooney, B.

AU - Quinn, J.

AU - Quinn, M.

AU - Ragan, K.

AU - Rebillot, P.

AU - Reynolds, P. T.

AU - Rose, H. J.

AU - Schroedter, M.

AU - Sembroski, G. H.

AU - Swordy, S. P.

AU - Syson, A.

AU - Vassiliev, V. V.

AU - Wakely, S. P.

AU - Walker, G.

AU - Weekes, T. C.

AU - Zweerink, J.

PY - 2005/3/1

Y1 - 2005/3/1

N2 - The blazar 1ES 1959+650 was observed in a flaring state with the Whipple 10 m Imaging Atmospheric Cerenkov Telescope in 2002 May. A spectral analysis has been carried out on the data from that time period, and the resulting very high energy gamma-ray spectrum (E ≥ 316 GeV) can be well fitted by a power law of differential spectral index α = 2.78 ± 0.12stat ± 0.21sys. On 2002 June 4, the source flared dramatically in the gamma-ray range without any coincident increase in the X-ray emission, providing the first unambiguous example of an "orphan" gamma-ray flare from a blazar. The gamma-ray spectrum for these data can also be described by a simple power-law fit with α = 2.82 ± 0.15stat ± 0.30sys. There is no compelling evidence for spectral variability or for any cutoff to the spectrum.

AB - The blazar 1ES 1959+650 was observed in a flaring state with the Whipple 10 m Imaging Atmospheric Cerenkov Telescope in 2002 May. A spectral analysis has been carried out on the data from that time period, and the resulting very high energy gamma-ray spectrum (E ≥ 316 GeV) can be well fitted by a power law of differential spectral index α = 2.78 ± 0.12stat ± 0.21sys. On 2002 June 4, the source flared dramatically in the gamma-ray range without any coincident increase in the X-ray emission, providing the first unambiguous example of an "orphan" gamma-ray flare from a blazar. The gamma-ray spectrum for these data can also be described by a simple power-law fit with α = 2.82 ± 0.15stat ± 0.30sys. There is no compelling evidence for spectral variability or for any cutoff to the spectrum.

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Daniel MK, Badran HM, Bond IH, Boyle PJ, Bradbury SM, Buckley JH et al. Spectrum of very high energy gamma-rays from the blazar 1ES 1959+650 during flaring activity in 2002. Astrophysical Journal. 2005 Mar 1;621(1 I):181-187. https://doi.org/10.1086/427406