Spinal anesthesia in a patient with a history of systemic capillary leak syndrome (clarkson disease)

Conrad Myler, Rajnish K. Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to review the relative risks, benefits, and anesthetic considerations of neuraxial, regional, and general anesthesia in a patient with known systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS) who presents for elective total knee replacement. Case Report: Systemic capillary leak syndrome (or Clarkson disease) is a rare disorder involving endothelial dysfunction of uncertain pathogenesis characterized by the development of hypotension, hemoconcentration, and hypoalbuminemia in the absence of secondary causes of shock. Literature regarding the anesthetic management of such patients is extremely sparse. To date, all published cases involved those who experienced exacerbations preoperatively, intraoperatively, or postoperatively. There are no reports pertaining to the anesthetic management of patients with a history of the disease who are under remission.We present a case report of a patient with a history of SCLS who underwent elective unilateral total knee arthroplasty under spinal anesthesia. The patient tolerated the procedure well without any evidence of perioperative capillary leak exacerbation. Conclusions: Spinal anesthesia constitutes a viable option for a patient with a history of SCLS in sustained remission. It remains unclear whether general or neuraxial anesthesia confers the best risk-to-benefit ratio for such patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)723-725
Number of pages3
JournalRegional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

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Capillary Leak Syndrome
Spinal Anesthesia
Anesthetics
Knee Replacement Arthroplasties
Hypoalbuminemia
Conduction Anesthesia
Hypotension
General Anesthesia
Shock
Anesthesia

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

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Spinal anesthesia in a patient with a history of systemic capillary leak syndrome (clarkson disease). / Myler, Conrad; Gupta, Rajnish K.

In: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, Vol. 40, No. 6, 01.01.2015, p. 723-725.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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