Spinal P2X receptor modulates reflex pressor response to activation of muscle afferents

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Abstract

Static contraction of skeletal muscle evokes increases in blood pressure and heart rate. Previous studies suggested that the dorsal horn of the spinal cord is the first synaptic site responsible for those cardiovascular responses. In this study, we examined the role of ATP-sensitive P2X receptors in the cardiovascular responses to contraction by microdialyzing the P2X receptor antagonist pyridoxal phosphate-6-azophenyl-2′,4′-disulfonic acid (PPADS) into the L7 level of the dorsal horn of nine anesthetized cats. Contraction was elicited by electrical stimulation of the L7 and S1 ventral roots. Blockade of P2X receptor attenuated the contraction induced-pressor response [change in mean arterial pressure (ΔMAP): 16 ± 4 mmHg after 10 mM PPADS vs. 42 ± 8 mmHg in control; P < 0.05]. In addition, the pressor response to muscle stretch was also blunted by PPADS (ΔMAP: 27 ± 5 mmHg after PPADS vs. 49 ± 8 mmHg in control; P < 0.05). Finally, activation of P2X receptor by microdialyzing 0.5 mM α,β-methylene into the dorsal horn significantly augmented the pressor response to contraction. This effect was antagonized by prior PPADS dialysis. These data demonstrate that blockade of P2X receptors in the dorsal horn attenuates the pressor response to activation of muscle afferents and that stimulation of P2X receptors enhances the reflex response, indicating that P2X receptors play a role in mediating the muscle pressor reflex at the first synaptic site of this reflex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume288
Issue number5 57-5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2005

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Pyridoxal Phosphate
Reflex
Muscles
Acids
Arterial Pressure
Spinal Nerve Roots
Electric Stimulation
Dialysis
Skeletal Muscle
Cats
Adenosine Triphosphate
Heart Rate
Blood Pressure
Spinal Cord Dorsal Horn

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Spinal P2X receptor modulates reflex pressor response to activation of muscle afferents",
abstract = "Static contraction of skeletal muscle evokes increases in blood pressure and heart rate. Previous studies suggested that the dorsal horn of the spinal cord is the first synaptic site responsible for those cardiovascular responses. In this study, we examined the role of ATP-sensitive P2X receptors in the cardiovascular responses to contraction by microdialyzing the P2X receptor antagonist pyridoxal phosphate-6-azophenyl-2′,4′-disulfonic acid (PPADS) into the L7 level of the dorsal horn of nine anesthetized cats. Contraction was elicited by electrical stimulation of the L7 and S1 ventral roots. Blockade of P2X receptor attenuated the contraction induced-pressor response [change in mean arterial pressure (ΔMAP): 16 ± 4 mmHg after 10 mM PPADS vs. 42 ± 8 mmHg in control; P < 0.05]. In addition, the pressor response to muscle stretch was also blunted by PPADS (ΔMAP: 27 ± 5 mmHg after PPADS vs. 49 ± 8 mmHg in control; P < 0.05). Finally, activation of P2X receptor by microdialyzing 0.5 mM α,β-methylene into the dorsal horn significantly augmented the pressor response to contraction. This effect was antagonized by prior PPADS dialysis. These data demonstrate that blockade of P2X receptors in the dorsal horn attenuates the pressor response to activation of muscle afferents and that stimulation of P2X receptors enhances the reflex response, indicating that P2X receptors play a role in mediating the muscle pressor reflex at the first synaptic site of this reflex.",
author = "Zhaohui Gao and Valerie Kehoe and Lawrence Sinoway and Jianhua Li",
year = "2005",
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AU - Gao, Zhaohui

AU - Kehoe, Valerie

AU - Sinoway, Lawrence

AU - Li, Jianhua

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Y1 - 2005/5/1

N2 - Static contraction of skeletal muscle evokes increases in blood pressure and heart rate. Previous studies suggested that the dorsal horn of the spinal cord is the first synaptic site responsible for those cardiovascular responses. In this study, we examined the role of ATP-sensitive P2X receptors in the cardiovascular responses to contraction by microdialyzing the P2X receptor antagonist pyridoxal phosphate-6-azophenyl-2′,4′-disulfonic acid (PPADS) into the L7 level of the dorsal horn of nine anesthetized cats. Contraction was elicited by electrical stimulation of the L7 and S1 ventral roots. Blockade of P2X receptor attenuated the contraction induced-pressor response [change in mean arterial pressure (ΔMAP): 16 ± 4 mmHg after 10 mM PPADS vs. 42 ± 8 mmHg in control; P < 0.05]. In addition, the pressor response to muscle stretch was also blunted by PPADS (ΔMAP: 27 ± 5 mmHg after PPADS vs. 49 ± 8 mmHg in control; P < 0.05). Finally, activation of P2X receptor by microdialyzing 0.5 mM α,β-methylene into the dorsal horn significantly augmented the pressor response to contraction. This effect was antagonized by prior PPADS dialysis. These data demonstrate that blockade of P2X receptors in the dorsal horn attenuates the pressor response to activation of muscle afferents and that stimulation of P2X receptors enhances the reflex response, indicating that P2X receptors play a role in mediating the muscle pressor reflex at the first synaptic site of this reflex.

AB - Static contraction of skeletal muscle evokes increases in blood pressure and heart rate. Previous studies suggested that the dorsal horn of the spinal cord is the first synaptic site responsible for those cardiovascular responses. In this study, we examined the role of ATP-sensitive P2X receptors in the cardiovascular responses to contraction by microdialyzing the P2X receptor antagonist pyridoxal phosphate-6-azophenyl-2′,4′-disulfonic acid (PPADS) into the L7 level of the dorsal horn of nine anesthetized cats. Contraction was elicited by electrical stimulation of the L7 and S1 ventral roots. Blockade of P2X receptor attenuated the contraction induced-pressor response [change in mean arterial pressure (ΔMAP): 16 ± 4 mmHg after 10 mM PPADS vs. 42 ± 8 mmHg in control; P < 0.05]. In addition, the pressor response to muscle stretch was also blunted by PPADS (ΔMAP: 27 ± 5 mmHg after PPADS vs. 49 ± 8 mmHg in control; P < 0.05). Finally, activation of P2X receptor by microdialyzing 0.5 mM α,β-methylene into the dorsal horn significantly augmented the pressor response to contraction. This effect was antagonized by prior PPADS dialysis. These data demonstrate that blockade of P2X receptors in the dorsal horn attenuates the pressor response to activation of muscle afferents and that stimulation of P2X receptors enhances the reflex response, indicating that P2X receptors play a role in mediating the muscle pressor reflex at the first synaptic site of this reflex.

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