A spinel-type Co-Mn oxide was designed and synthesized through a two-step oxidation-precipitation method at modest temperatures. The Co-Mn oxide was applied as the catalyst in the presence of NaHSO3 under visible light irradiation in order to establish the superiority of heterogeneous photo-chemical catalysis system. In the above system, the Co-Mn catalyst exhibited much better catalytic capability than that in either single photocatalysis or chemocatalysis system, implying that the Co-Mn catalyst could well combine photocatalysis and chemocatalysis to obtain the highest degradation efficiency of up to 94% within 40 min when using Orange II as the target pollutant. Recycling experiments results showed that the as-obtained catalyst has excellent stability and recyclability. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis showed that the as-obtained Co-Mn catalyst had a cubic MnCo2O4.5 spinel structure. Because of relatively low temperature (180 ℃) synthesis, the catalyst was formed with nanoparticles (25–65 nm) and high specific surface area as confirmed by SEM and BET analyses. XPS indicated the presence of both manganese and cobalt species that serve as reactive sites for the catalytic oxidation reactions. Rational degradation mechanisms responsible for superior catalytic activity and durability were proposed based on a series of experimental results. The active species such as Mn(III), holes and sulfate and hydroxyl radicals were proposed to be responsible for the outstanding degradation results.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry