A 2 1/2-year-old, previously healthy child developed progressive swelling of the left leg and a hematoma of the anterior chest wall associated with a falling hemoglobin concentration, as a result of a spontaneously acquired Factor IX inhibitor. Successful management of her condition, required a fourvolume exchange transfusion and immunosuppressive therapy consisting of cyclophosphamide for four days and prednisone for one month. A brief review of the literature regarding the occurrence and nature of acquired coagulation factor, inhibitors and the role of immunosuppressive therapy is also presented.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health