Amplitude equations (including nonlinear damping terms) are derived which describe the evolution of patterns in large-aspect-ratio driven capillary wave experiments. For drive strength just above threshold, a reduction of the number of marginal modes (from travelling capillary waves to standing waves) leads to simpler amplitude equations, which have a Lyapunov functional. This functional determines the wavenumber and symmetry (square) of the most stable uniform state. The original amplitude equations, however, have a secondary instability to transverse amplitude modulation (TAM), which is not present in the standing-wave equations. The TAM instability announces the restoration of the full set of marginal modes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering