Transcripts are frequently modified by structural variations, which lead to fused transcripts of either multiple genes, known as a fusion gene, or a gene and a previously non-transcribed sequence. Detecting these modifications, called transcriptomic structural variations (TSVs), especially in cancer tumor sequencing, is an important and challenging computational problem. We introduce SQUID, a novel algorithm to predict both fusion-gene and non-fusion-gene TSVs accurately from RNA-seq alignments. SQUID unifies both concordant and discordant read alignments into one model and doubles the precision on simulation data compared to other approaches. Using SQUID, we identify novel non-fusion-gene TSVs on TCGA samples.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Cell Biology