Stability analysis of VSC MTDC grids connected to multimachine AC systems

Nilanjan Ray Chaudhuri, Rajat Majumder, Balarko Chaudhuri, Jiuping Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

166 Scopus citations


Interaction between multimachine ac systems and a multiterminal dc (MTDC) grid and the impact on the overall stability of the combined ac-MTDC system is studied in this paper. A generic modeling framework for voltage-source converter (VSC)-based MTDC grids, which is compatible with standard multimachine ac system models, is developed to carry out modal analysis and transient simulation. A general asymmetric bipole converter configuration comprising positive and negative pole converters and dc cable network with a positive, negative, and metallic return circuit is considered to enable different types of faults and dc-side unbalance studies. Detailed dynamic representation of the dc cables with distributed pi-section models is used along with the averaged model and decoupled control for the converter stations. An averaged model in Matlab/SIMULINK is validated against the detailed switched model in EMTDC/PSCAD by comparing the responses following small and large disturbances (e.g., faults on the dc side). Modal analysis is performed to identify the nature and root cause of the dynamic responses. Interaction between a multimachine ac system and an MTDC grid is examined following faults on the ac and dc sides and outage of converters. It is shown that the cause of instability in certain cases could only be attributed to the dc-side state variables. An averaged model of the converter along with the dc cable network is shown to be essential to analyze the stability and dynamics of combined ac-MTDC grids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6026937
Pages (from-to)2774-2784
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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