Stability and activity maintenance of Al2O3- and carbon nanotube-supported Ni catalysts during continuous gasification of glycerol in supercritical water

Sha Li, Phillip E. Savage, Liejin Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have evaluated the long-term stability of activities and physicochemical properties for nickel nanoparticles supported on Mg-promoted γ-Al2O3 (MgAl2O4-Al2O3), α-Al2O3, and multi-wall carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for supercritical water gasification (SCWG) in a continuous flow reactor at 425 °C, 25.2 MPa, using 9 wt.% glycerol as the feed. Ni/CNT achieved the lowest H2 yields but produced consistent carbon gasification efficiencies (CGEs) ∼80% during 48 h of operation at steady state, whereas the CGEs from Ni/α-Al2O3 and Ni/MgAl2O4-Al2O3 decreased to <80% when the gasification was extended to 48 h. Characterization results indicated that CNTs showed stable pore structures and Ni/CNT showed the best dissolution resistance of Ni in SCW. Persistent loss of Al into SCW probably contributed to the deactivation of Al2O3-supported Ni catalyst beds. Results also suggest that enhanced interaction of Ni and the supports may be beneficial for reducing dissolution of Ni in SCW.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)188-197
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Supercritical Fluids
Volume135
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Stability and activity maintenance of Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>- and carbon nanotube-supported Ni catalysts during continuous gasification of glycerol in supercritical water'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this