Stability and Change in Temperament During Adolescence

Jody M. Ganiban, Kimberly J. Saudino, Jennifer Ulbricht, Jenae M. Neiderhiser, David Reiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study assessed genetic and environmental contributions to temperament during adolescence within the Nonshared Environment and Adolescent Development project (NEAD; D. Reiss, J. M. Neiderhiser, E. M. Hetherington, & R. Plomin, 2000). NEAD is a national study that includes twins and other sibling types who vary in regard to genetic relatedness. Seven hundred twenty sibling pairs (aged 12.1-13.5 years) participated at Time 1, and 395 sibling pairs (aged 14.7-16.2 years) participated again at Time 2. At both Times, mothers and fathers rated their children's temperament (emotionality, activity, sociability, and shyness). At Times 1 and 2, genetic and nonshared environmental factors accounted for variance in temperament, whereas shared environmental contributions were negligible. However, at Time 1, genetic contributions were inflated, and shared environmental contributions were masked if sibling contrast effects were not taken into account. At Time 2, sibling interaction effects had little impact on estimates of genetic and environmental contributions to temperament. Last, temperament stability was primarily explained by genetic factors, whereas both genetic and nonshared environmental factors accounted for change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-236
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

Fingerprint

Temperament
adolescence
Siblings
environmental factors
Shyness
Adolescent Development
Twin Studies
emotionality
heredity
Fathers
sociability
development project
Mothers
father
time
adolescent
interaction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Ganiban, Jody M. ; Saudino, Kimberly J. ; Ulbricht, Jennifer ; Neiderhiser, Jenae M. ; Reiss, David. / Stability and Change in Temperament During Adolescence. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2008 ; Vol. 95, No. 1. pp. 222-236.
@article{21b42df3b78c43e0893b1a8168b466bf,
title = "Stability and Change in Temperament During Adolescence",
abstract = "This study assessed genetic and environmental contributions to temperament during adolescence within the Nonshared Environment and Adolescent Development project (NEAD; D. Reiss, J. M. Neiderhiser, E. M. Hetherington, & R. Plomin, 2000). NEAD is a national study that includes twins and other sibling types who vary in regard to genetic relatedness. Seven hundred twenty sibling pairs (aged 12.1-13.5 years) participated at Time 1, and 395 sibling pairs (aged 14.7-16.2 years) participated again at Time 2. At both Times, mothers and fathers rated their children's temperament (emotionality, activity, sociability, and shyness). At Times 1 and 2, genetic and nonshared environmental factors accounted for variance in temperament, whereas shared environmental contributions were negligible. However, at Time 1, genetic contributions were inflated, and shared environmental contributions were masked if sibling contrast effects were not taken into account. At Time 2, sibling interaction effects had little impact on estimates of genetic and environmental contributions to temperament. Last, temperament stability was primarily explained by genetic factors, whereas both genetic and nonshared environmental factors accounted for change.",
author = "Ganiban, {Jody M.} and Saudino, {Kimberly J.} and Jennifer Ulbricht and Neiderhiser, {Jenae M.} and David Reiss",
year = "2008",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/0022-3514.95.1.222",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "95",
pages = "222--236",
journal = "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-3514",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

Stability and Change in Temperament During Adolescence. / Ganiban, Jody M.; Saudino, Kimberly J.; Ulbricht, Jennifer; Neiderhiser, Jenae M.; Reiss, David.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 95, No. 1, 01.07.2008, p. 222-236.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stability and Change in Temperament During Adolescence

AU - Ganiban, Jody M.

AU - Saudino, Kimberly J.

AU - Ulbricht, Jennifer

AU - Neiderhiser, Jenae M.

AU - Reiss, David

PY - 2008/7/1

Y1 - 2008/7/1

N2 - This study assessed genetic and environmental contributions to temperament during adolescence within the Nonshared Environment and Adolescent Development project (NEAD; D. Reiss, J. M. Neiderhiser, E. M. Hetherington, & R. Plomin, 2000). NEAD is a national study that includes twins and other sibling types who vary in regard to genetic relatedness. Seven hundred twenty sibling pairs (aged 12.1-13.5 years) participated at Time 1, and 395 sibling pairs (aged 14.7-16.2 years) participated again at Time 2. At both Times, mothers and fathers rated their children's temperament (emotionality, activity, sociability, and shyness). At Times 1 and 2, genetic and nonshared environmental factors accounted for variance in temperament, whereas shared environmental contributions were negligible. However, at Time 1, genetic contributions were inflated, and shared environmental contributions were masked if sibling contrast effects were not taken into account. At Time 2, sibling interaction effects had little impact on estimates of genetic and environmental contributions to temperament. Last, temperament stability was primarily explained by genetic factors, whereas both genetic and nonshared environmental factors accounted for change.

AB - This study assessed genetic and environmental contributions to temperament during adolescence within the Nonshared Environment and Adolescent Development project (NEAD; D. Reiss, J. M. Neiderhiser, E. M. Hetherington, & R. Plomin, 2000). NEAD is a national study that includes twins and other sibling types who vary in regard to genetic relatedness. Seven hundred twenty sibling pairs (aged 12.1-13.5 years) participated at Time 1, and 395 sibling pairs (aged 14.7-16.2 years) participated again at Time 2. At both Times, mothers and fathers rated their children's temperament (emotionality, activity, sociability, and shyness). At Times 1 and 2, genetic and nonshared environmental factors accounted for variance in temperament, whereas shared environmental contributions were negligible. However, at Time 1, genetic contributions were inflated, and shared environmental contributions were masked if sibling contrast effects were not taken into account. At Time 2, sibling interaction effects had little impact on estimates of genetic and environmental contributions to temperament. Last, temperament stability was primarily explained by genetic factors, whereas both genetic and nonshared environmental factors accounted for change.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=47249139645&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=47249139645&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0022-3514.95.1.222

DO - 10.1037/0022-3514.95.1.222

M3 - Article

C2 - 18605862

AN - SCOPUS:47249139645

VL - 95

SP - 222

EP - 236

JO - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

SN - 0022-3514

IS - 1

ER -