Understanding the switching mechanism of magnetic skyrmions is critical for realizing their potential applications in future spintronic devices. Here we study the thermodynamic stability and dynamics of a Néel skyrmion in an ultrathin magnetic nanodisk under biaxial in-plane strains using a combination of phase-field simulations and analytical theory. We demonstrated the switching of a circular skyrmion to a variety of magnetic configurations, including an out-of-plane monodomain or an in-plane vortex under isotropic strains and to an elliptical skyrmion or a stripe domain under anisotropic strains. We successfully formulated a Lagrangian-mechanics-based model to analytically describe the switching dynamics of a skyrmion. Both our simulations and analytical model revealed that the strain-mediated breathing dynamics of skyrmions lead to a counter-intuitive phenomenon in which a lager strain may lead to slower skyrmion-to-monodomain switching.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Polymers and Plastics
- Metals and Alloys