We previously reported various solid solution systems that demonstrated the stabilized antiferroelectric (P) phases in NaNbO3 through lowering the tolerance factor. However, all those reported modifications were achieved by adding A2+B4+O3 type solid solutions. A lead-free antiferroelectric (AFE) solid solution xBiScO3-(1-x)NaNbO3 was rationalized by adopting the tolerance factor design rule. Specifically, adding BiScO3 was found to effectively stabilize the AFE phase without changing the crystal symmetry of NaNbO3. Microstructure and electron zone axis diffraction patterns from transmission electron microscopy revealed the stabilized AFE (P) phase in this solid solution. Besides, the electric-field-induced polarization with a double-hysteresis loop was observed. The present results pointed out that the strategy could also be applied while adding A3+B3+O3 type solid solutions. In addition, it expanded the compositional design that can be applied to antiferroelectric materials.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)