Staged hybrid repair of extensive thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms secondary to chronic aortic dissection

Amit Jain, Tanya F. Flohr, William F. Johnston, Margaret C. Tracci, Kenneth J. Cherry, Gilbert R. Upchurch, John A. Kern, Ravi K. Ghanta

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Abstract

Objective Many patients with aortic dissection develop Crawford extent I or II thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA). Because open repair is associated with a high morbidity and mortality, hybrid approaches to TAAA repair are emerging. In this study, we evaluated the midterm outcomes and aortic remodeling of a hybrid technique that combines proximal thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR), followed by staged distal open thoracoabdominal repair for patients with Crawford extent I or II TAAAs secondary to chronic aortic dissection. Methods We identified 19 patients with Crawford extent I (n = 1) or extent II (n = 18) TAAAs secondary to chronic aortic dissection who underwent a staged hybrid repair from 2007 to 2014 at our institution. Nine patients had previous open ascending aortic surgery for type I aortic dissection. Stage 1 TEVAR was performed via percutaneous (n = 8), femoral cutdown (n = 8), or iliac exposure (n = 3). The left subclavian artery was covered in nine patients and revascularized in eight patients using carotid-subclavian bypass (n = 7) or laser fenestration (n = 1). Stage 2 open repair was performed a median of 18 weeks later with partial cardiopulmonary bypass via left femoral arterial and venous cannulation for visceral and lower body perfusion. The open thoracoabdominal graft was anastomosed proximally in an end to end fashion with the endograft. We then assessed surgical morbidity and mortality, midterm survival, and freedom from reintervention. Aortic remodeling was measured and change in maximum aortic and false lumen diameter at last follow-up (median, 3 years) from baseline was assessed. Results There were no deaths, strokes, or chronic renal failure in this cohort. After stage 1 TEVAR, three patients required repeat intervention for endoleak (type Ia, n = 1; type Ib, n = 1; type II, n = 1) before open repair. After stage 2 open repair, there was a single delayed permanent paralysis 2 weeks after discharge. At a median 3-year follow-up (range, 6 months-6.2 years), there were no deaths, neurologic events, endoleaks, or TAAA reinterventions. Complete false lumen thrombosis occurred in 100% of the patients, with maximum false lumen diameter decreasing from 34.3 ± 15.3 mm to 13.2 ± 12.0 mm (P <.01) and total aortic diameter decreasing from 60.2 ± 9.0 mm to 49.4 ± 9.6 mm (P <.01). Conclusions Staged hybrid TAAA repair, using a combination of proximal TEVAR with open distal repair, can be performed using established endovascular skills and technology coupled with traditional open aortic surgical techniques, with low surgical morbidity and mortality. In the midterm, staged hybrid TAAA repair was associated favorable survival, aortic remodeling, and freedom from reintervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-69
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Vascular Surgery
Volume63
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Jain, A., Flohr, T. F., Johnston, W. F., Tracci, M. C., Cherry, K. J., Upchurch, G. R., Kern, J. A., & Ghanta, R. K. (2016). Staged hybrid repair of extensive thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms secondary to chronic aortic dissection. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 63(1), 62-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2015.08.060