STAR: Very Large aperture telescope array using many small IACTs

Abraham David Falcone, H. Krawczynski, J. Buckley, S. B. Hughes, I. Jung

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Through the experience gained from the past generation of imaging air Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs), it has become evident that both large aperture and multiple telescopes are necessary to obtain a low gamma-ray threshold while rejecting muons. However, the costs associated with building very large (>30 m) diameter telescopes is prohibitive. The Small Telescope Array (STAR) is a new design concept for an IACT that achieves a large effective aperture by using many (>144) small (2.5 m) telescopes, whose signals are delayed and combined before the trigger is generated. Since the aperture and focal length of each telescope will be small, and thus cheap, the fast pixelated camera can also be small, thus opening up several possibilities for novel camera designs. The array design is also versatile since it allows one to form subarrays and create the ideal array of large aperture IACTs. The baseline design for STAR is a stereo system containing multiple subarrays, each with the equivalent light collecting area of a 20-50 meter telescope. This would lead to sensitivities in excess of any currently planned ground based gamma-ray telescopes at thresholds as low as ∼20-40 GeV. Thus, sensitive studies of gamma-ray sources at redshifts as high as ∼1-2 could be performed on short timescales. STAR has been considered as a possible extension to VERITAS. Monte Carlo studies have been started to investigate the feasibility of the design and to determine the ideal configuration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHigh Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy - 2nd International Symposium on High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy
Pages748-752
Number of pages5
Volume745
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2005
EventInternational Symposium on High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy - Heidelberg, Germany
Duration: Jul 26 2004Jul 30 2004

Other

OtherInternational Symposium on High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy
CountryGermany
CityHeidelberg
Period7/26/047/30/04

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Falcone, A. D., Krawczynski, H., Buckley, J., Hughes, S. B., & Jung, I. (2005). STAR: Very Large aperture telescope array using many small IACTs. In High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy - 2nd International Symposium on High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy (Vol. 745, pp. 748-752) https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1878495