Concentrations of ADPglucose:α-1,4-glucan-4-glucosyltransferase (starch synthase) and α-1,4 glucan: α-1,4-glucan-6-glycosyltransferase (branching enzyme) from developing seeds of Pisum sativum were measured. Primed starch synthase activity increased from 8 to 14 days after anthesis and decreased by 50 % at 26 days. Citrate-stimulated starch synthase activity was highest at 10 days after anthesis decreasing to low levels by 22 days. Branching enzyme activity increased from 8 to 18 days after anthesis and decreased little by 26 days. Two fractions of starch synthase were recovered by gradient elution from DEAE-cellulose of extracts from 12- and 18-day-old seeds. The two fractions differed in primer specificity, Km for ADPG and relative amounts of citrate-stimulated activity. A major and minor fraction of branching enzyme were observed in extracts from both 12- and 18-day-old seeds. Marked differences in the relative abilities ofthe two branching enzyme fractions to stimulate phosphorylase and to branch amylose as well as pH optima were found. Although the content of the starch synthase and branching enzyme fractions varied with seed age, little difference was seen in the properties of chromatographically similar fractions. Therefore, the changes in starch synthase and branching enzyme activity during pea seed development resulted from changes in the concentrations of a few enzyme forms, but not the appearance of different enzyme forms.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Plant Science