Statewide GIS-based ranking of watersheds for agricultural pollution prevention

J. M. Hamlett, D. A. Miller, R. L. Day, G. W. Peterson, G. M. Baumer, J. Russo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

In efforts to control and reduce agricultural nonpoint pollution, it is important to identify critical contributing source areas. A geographic information system (GIS), combined with a pollutant generation and transport model, can be used to identify and rank critical pollutant source areas on a regional basis. In this study, a GIS-based, statewide screening model was used to rank the agricultural pollution potential of 104 watersheds in Pennsylvania. Cost constraints were an overwhelming factor in determining which data could be used and assumptions that had to be made to simplify the model. The ranking index was composed of four components: a runoff index, a sediment production index, and animal loading index, and a chemical use index. The ranking allowed identification of critical nonpoint-pollutant contributing watersheds in Pennsylvania and is useful for targeting further investigations and control programs. A similar GIS approach could be useful in other state and regional studies. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-404
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Soil & Water Conservation
Volume47
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

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    Hamlett, J. M., Miller, D. A., Day, R. L., Peterson, G. W., Baumer, G. M., & Russo, J. (1992). Statewide GIS-based ranking of watersheds for agricultural pollution prevention. Journal of Soil & Water Conservation, 47(5), 399-404.