Static properties of a non-neutral 9Be+-ion plasma

L. R. Brewer, J. D. Prestage, J. J. Bollinger, Wayne M. Itano, Daniel John Larson, D. J. Wineland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report measurements of the static properties of laser-cooled non-neutral Be+9-ion plasmas stored in Penning traps under a variety of experimental conditions. We have measured the shape, rotation frequency, density, and temperature of the ions as functions of the Penning-trap potential and laser-cooling configuration. Two different traps were used. In one trap, we were able to measure the ion temperature in directions both perpendicular and parallel to the trap magnetic field. In the other trap, Hg+198 ions were stored simultaneously with the Be+9 ions and their effect on the Be+9 ions was measured. The experimental measurements are compared with theoretical predictions. Within experimental error, the ion plasmas rotate without shear and exhibit approximate thermal equilibrium. For a single stored species, a static model of the ion plasmas, based on thermal equilibrium, is formulated. When the ion-plasma dimensions are small compared to the trap dimensions, this model predicts that the ion plasmas are spheroidal and have an aspect ratio which is a function of the plasma rotation frequency, and the single-particle cyclotron and axial frequencies. This is verified by measurement. The ion densities and temperatures measured in our experiments show that the plasmas are strongly coupled and should exhibit liquid and solid properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)859-873
Number of pages15
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

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traps
ions
ion temperature
strongly coupled plasmas
static models
laser cooling
cyclotron frequency
aspect ratio
shear
liquids
configurations
predictions
magnetic fields
lasers
temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Brewer, L. R., Prestage, J. D., Bollinger, J. J., Itano, W. M., Larson, D. J., & Wineland, D. J. (1988). Static properties of a non-neutral 9Be+-ion plasma. Physical Review A, 38(2), 859-873. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.38.859
Brewer, L. R. ; Prestage, J. D. ; Bollinger, J. J. ; Itano, Wayne M. ; Larson, Daniel John ; Wineland, D. J. / Static properties of a non-neutral 9Be+-ion plasma. In: Physical Review A. 1988 ; Vol. 38, No. 2. pp. 859-873.
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Brewer, LR, Prestage, JD, Bollinger, JJ, Itano, WM, Larson, DJ & Wineland, DJ 1988, 'Static properties of a non-neutral 9Be+-ion plasma', Physical Review A, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 859-873. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.38.859

Static properties of a non-neutral 9Be+-ion plasma. / Brewer, L. R.; Prestage, J. D.; Bollinger, J. J.; Itano, Wayne M.; Larson, Daniel John; Wineland, D. J.

In: Physical Review A, Vol. 38, No. 2, 01.01.1988, p. 859-873.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Brewer LR, Prestage JD, Bollinger JJ, Itano WM, Larson DJ, Wineland DJ. Static properties of a non-neutral 9Be+-ion plasma. Physical Review A. 1988 Jan 1;38(2):859-873. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.38.859