Status maintenance and change during old age

Fred C. Pampel, Melissa Hardy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article examines the process of status determination— the translation of background status characteristics into economic outcomes— as it changes over the later stages of the life cycle. Because of the increased dependence of cohorts on public transfers during old age, the extent to which old age reduces, heightens, or maintains the importance of market-based sources of stratification reflects the redistributive impact of retirement income relative to market income. Using data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Older Men, we compare the impact of status characteristics important during work careers— race, residence, education, occupation— on economic outcomes before and after the normal age of eligibility for retirement benefits. For family income and assets, adjusted for family size and inflation, the results show only modest change in the effects of background variables over time, across ages, or with hours worked, and suggest more continuity than change in the determinants of income.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-314
Number of pages26
JournalSocial Forces
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

Fingerprint

old age
income
retirement
family size
market
family income
life cycle
inflation
economics
assets
continuity
occupation
career
determinants
Old Age
Income
education
Retirement
Economics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • History
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Pampel, Fred C. ; Hardy, Melissa. / Status maintenance and change during old age. In: Social Forces. 1994 ; Vol. 73, No. 1. pp. 289-314.
@article{f22c3113622141f088824c3ca4375588,
title = "Status maintenance and change during old age",
abstract = "This article examines the process of status determination— the translation of background status characteristics into economic outcomes— as it changes over the later stages of the life cycle. Because of the increased dependence of cohorts on public transfers during old age, the extent to which old age reduces, heightens, or maintains the importance of market-based sources of stratification reflects the redistributive impact of retirement income relative to market income. Using data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Older Men, we compare the impact of status characteristics important during work careers— race, residence, education, occupation— on economic outcomes before and after the normal age of eligibility for retirement benefits. For family income and assets, adjusted for family size and inflation, the results show only modest change in the effects of background variables over time, across ages, or with hours worked, and suggest more continuity than change in the determinants of income.",
author = "Pampel, {Fred C.} and Melissa Hardy",
year = "1994",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/sf/73.1.289",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "73",
pages = "289--314",
journal = "Social Forces",
issn = "0037-7732",
publisher = "University of North Carolina Press",
number = "1",

}

Status maintenance and change during old age. / Pampel, Fred C.; Hardy, Melissa.

In: Social Forces, Vol. 73, No. 1, 01.01.1994, p. 289-314.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Status maintenance and change during old age

AU - Pampel, Fred C.

AU - Hardy, Melissa

PY - 1994/1/1

Y1 - 1994/1/1

N2 - This article examines the process of status determination— the translation of background status characteristics into economic outcomes— as it changes over the later stages of the life cycle. Because of the increased dependence of cohorts on public transfers during old age, the extent to which old age reduces, heightens, or maintains the importance of market-based sources of stratification reflects the redistributive impact of retirement income relative to market income. Using data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Older Men, we compare the impact of status characteristics important during work careers— race, residence, education, occupation— on economic outcomes before and after the normal age of eligibility for retirement benefits. For family income and assets, adjusted for family size and inflation, the results show only modest change in the effects of background variables over time, across ages, or with hours worked, and suggest more continuity than change in the determinants of income.

AB - This article examines the process of status determination— the translation of background status characteristics into economic outcomes— as it changes over the later stages of the life cycle. Because of the increased dependence of cohorts on public transfers during old age, the extent to which old age reduces, heightens, or maintains the importance of market-based sources of stratification reflects the redistributive impact of retirement income relative to market income. Using data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Older Men, we compare the impact of status characteristics important during work careers— race, residence, education, occupation— on economic outcomes before and after the normal age of eligibility for retirement benefits. For family income and assets, adjusted for family size and inflation, the results show only modest change in the effects of background variables over time, across ages, or with hours worked, and suggest more continuity than change in the determinants of income.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84963042122&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84963042122&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/sf/73.1.289

DO - 10.1093/sf/73.1.289

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84963042122

VL - 73

SP - 289

EP - 314

JO - Social Forces

JF - Social Forces

SN - 0037-7732

IS - 1

ER -