Stigma, culture, and HIV and AIDS in the Western Cape, South Africa: An application of the PEN-3 cultural model for community-based research

Collins Airhihenbuwa, Titilayo Okoror, Tammy Shefer, Darigg Brown, Juliet Iwelunmor, Ed Smith, Mohamed Adam, Leickness Simbayi, Nompumelelo Zungu, Regina Dlakulu, Olive Shisana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

HIV- and AIDS-related stigma has been reported to be a major factor contributing to the spread of HIV. In this study, the authors explore the meaning of stigma and its impact on HIV and AIDS in South African families and health care centers. They conducted focus group and key informant interviews among African and Colored populations in Khayelitsha, Gugulethu, and Mitchell's Plain in the Western Cape province. The audio-recorded interviews were transcribed and coded using NVivo. Using the PEN-3 cultural model, the authors analyzed results showing that participants' shared experiences ranged from positive/nonstigmatizing, to existential/ unique to the contexts, to negative/stigmatizing. Families and health care centers were found to have both positive nonstigmatizing values and negative stigmatizing characteristics in addressing HIV/AIDS-related stigma. The authors conclude that a culture-centered analysis, relative to identity, is central to understanding the nature and contexts of HIV/AIDS-related stigma in South Africa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-432
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Black Psychology
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009

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South Africa
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AIDS
HIV
Research
Family Health
community
health care
Interviews
Delivery of Health Care
interview
Focus Groups
Values
experience
Group
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anthropology
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Airhihenbuwa, Collins ; Okoror, Titilayo ; Shefer, Tammy ; Brown, Darigg ; Iwelunmor, Juliet ; Smith, Ed ; Adam, Mohamed ; Simbayi, Leickness ; Zungu, Nompumelelo ; Dlakulu, Regina ; Shisana, Olive. / Stigma, culture, and HIV and AIDS in the Western Cape, South Africa : An application of the PEN-3 cultural model for community-based research. In: Journal of Black Psychology. 2009 ; Vol. 35, No. 4. pp. 407-432.
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Airhihenbuwa, C, Okoror, T, Shefer, T, Brown, D, Iwelunmor, J, Smith, E, Adam, M, Simbayi, L, Zungu, N, Dlakulu, R & Shisana, O 2009, 'Stigma, culture, and HIV and AIDS in the Western Cape, South Africa: An application of the PEN-3 cultural model for community-based research', Journal of Black Psychology, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 407-432. https://doi.org/10.1177/0095798408329941

Stigma, culture, and HIV and AIDS in the Western Cape, South Africa : An application of the PEN-3 cultural model for community-based research. / Airhihenbuwa, Collins; Okoror, Titilayo; Shefer, Tammy; Brown, Darigg; Iwelunmor, Juliet; Smith, Ed; Adam, Mohamed; Simbayi, Leickness; Zungu, Nompumelelo; Dlakulu, Regina; Shisana, Olive.

In: Journal of Black Psychology, Vol. 35, No. 4, 01.11.2009, p. 407-432.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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