Stoichiometric methylation of calcineurin by protein carboxyl O-methyltransferase and its effects on calmodulin-stimulated phosphatase activity

M. L. Billingsley, R. L. Kincaid, W. Lovenberg

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17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Calcineurin, a calmodulin-stimulated protein phosphatase, was a substrate for purified bovine brain protein carboxyl O-methyltransferase (protein O-methyltransferase; EC 2.1.1.24) and incorporated up to 2 mol of CH3 per mol of calcineurin. Carboxyl methylation was dependent on the concentrations of S-adenosyl-L-(methyl-3H]methionine and was prevented by addition of the carboxyl methylation inhibitor S-adenosylhomocysteine. The stoichiometry of methyl group incorporation was related to the ratio of methyltransferase/calcineurin. The rate of spontaneous hydrolyis of carboxyl methylester groups on calcineurin increased rapidly above pH 6.5 with those on native carboxyl-methylated calcineurin substantially more labile than for tricholoracetic acid-precipitated calcineurin. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of NaDodSO4 (pH 2.4) confirmed that the A subunit of calcineurin (M(r) = 61,000) was the primary site of carboxyl methylation with little, if any, modification of the B subunit (M(r) = 18,000). When carboxyl-methylated calcineurin (~ 1-2 mol of CH3 per mol of protein) was assayed for p-nitrophenyl phosphatase activity at pH 6.5, a marked inhibition of calmodulin-stimulated activity was observed while there was little effect on Mn2+-stimulated phosphatase activity. Thus, calcineurin appears to be an excellent substrate for protein carboxyl O-methylation and this modification, which impairs calmodulin stimulation of phosphatase activity, may be of functional significance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5612-5616
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume82
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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