Strategies for preparation of oriented cellulose nanowhiskers composites

Elena Ten, Long Jiang, Michael P Wolcott

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Due to hierarchical structure of cellulose, its building blocks known as "cellulose nanowhiskers" (CNW) have raised a great deal of research interest over the last decades. Natural affinity of CNW for self-assembly and structural anisotropy allow them to orient under external forces. This book chapter provides a review on the major developments in fabrication techniques of CNW alignment in polymers. First, we will present self-assembly phenomenon of CNW in aqueous medium. Following this, the book chapter will focus on discussion of major strategies reported in the literature on aligning CNW in polymer by external forces: mechanical and by applying electric and magnetic fields. Further, the chapter highlights recent developments in cellulose composite fibers and aligning CNWs by electrospinning and wet-spinning techniques. As insights are gained into CNW reinforcement mechanisms and processing options, future research directions and potential applications are anticipated. These potential application areas will be briefly introduced as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFunctional Materials from Renewable Sources
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Pages17-36
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9780841227880
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 17 2012

Publication series

NameACS Symposium Series
Volume1107
ISSN (Print)0097-6156
ISSN (Electronic)1947-5918

Fingerprint

Nanowhiskers
Cellulose
Composite materials
Self assembly
Polymers
Spinning (fibers)
Electrospinning
Reinforcement
Anisotropy
Electric fields
Magnetic fields
Fabrication

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Ten, E., Jiang, L., & Wolcott, M. P. (2012). Strategies for preparation of oriented cellulose nanowhiskers composites. In Functional Materials from Renewable Sources (pp. 17-36). (ACS Symposium Series; Vol. 1107). American Chemical Society. https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-2012-1107.ch002
Ten, Elena ; Jiang, Long ; Wolcott, Michael P. / Strategies for preparation of oriented cellulose nanowhiskers composites. Functional Materials from Renewable Sources. American Chemical Society, 2012. pp. 17-36 (ACS Symposium Series).
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Ten, E, Jiang, L & Wolcott, MP 2012, Strategies for preparation of oriented cellulose nanowhiskers composites. in Functional Materials from Renewable Sources. ACS Symposium Series, vol. 1107, American Chemical Society, pp. 17-36. https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-2012-1107.ch002

Strategies for preparation of oriented cellulose nanowhiskers composites. / Ten, Elena; Jiang, Long; Wolcott, Michael P.

Functional Materials from Renewable Sources. American Chemical Society, 2012. p. 17-36 (ACS Symposium Series; Vol. 1107).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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AB - Due to hierarchical structure of cellulose, its building blocks known as "cellulose nanowhiskers" (CNW) have raised a great deal of research interest over the last decades. Natural affinity of CNW for self-assembly and structural anisotropy allow them to orient under external forces. This book chapter provides a review on the major developments in fabrication techniques of CNW alignment in polymers. First, we will present self-assembly phenomenon of CNW in aqueous medium. Following this, the book chapter will focus on discussion of major strategies reported in the literature on aligning CNW in polymer by external forces: mechanical and by applying electric and magnetic fields. Further, the chapter highlights recent developments in cellulose composite fibers and aligning CNWs by electrospinning and wet-spinning techniques. As insights are gained into CNW reinforcement mechanisms and processing options, future research directions and potential applications are anticipated. These potential application areas will be briefly introduced as well.

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Ten E, Jiang L, Wolcott MP. Strategies for preparation of oriented cellulose nanowhiskers composites. In Functional Materials from Renewable Sources. American Chemical Society. 2012. p. 17-36. (ACS Symposium Series). https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-2012-1107.ch002