This study controls for officer characteristics (i.e., age, race, children living in the home, relationship status, time in policing, military experience, community size, and country) while examining the effects of critical incidents, social stressors, and coping on alcohol use and posttraumatic stress disorder among men (N = 1,144) and women (N = 309) using self-report surveys from an international sample of police. Gender differences were found in the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test but not in posttraumatic stress disorder models. The critical incidents by coping by social stressors three-way interaction was significantly associated with men’s, but not women’s, drinking, and the effects of critical incidents were positive for men but negative for women.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Social Sciences (miscellaneous)