High temperature superconducting (HTS) conductors, represented by Rare Earth-Barium-Copper-Oxide (REBCO) conductors, are promising for high energy and high field superconducting applications. In practical applications, however, the HTS conductors experience different stresses and strains, including residual stresses due to thermal mismatch and tensile stresses due to Lorentz forces, resulting in some circumstances to a reduction in the load-carrying capacity as well as the risk of degradation in conductor critical current. In this study a mixed-dimensional high-aspect-ratio laminated composite finite element model for REBCO conductor is developed for stress and strain analyses in the processes of fabricating and cooling, as well as tensile testing. The model includes all the major constituent layers of a typical REBCO conductor and is experimentally validated. First, the thermal residual stresses and strains accumulated during the fabrication and cooling processes are analyzed by a multi-step modeling method that emulates the manufacturing process. Then, with the residual stresses and strains as initial stresses and strains, the mechanical behavior under a tensile load is studied. Lastly, a phenomenological critical current-strain model based on the Ekin power-law formula and the Weibull distribution function is combined with the mixed-dimensional conductor model to predict the strain dependence behavior of critical current in the reversible and irreversible degradation strain ranges. Simulation results show that the multi-step modeling is an effective method for stress and strain analyses of REBCO conductors during the fabrication and cooling processes and under and tensile loads. Compressive thermal residual stress generated on the REBCO layer during fabrication and cooling strongly affects the subsequent mechanical and current-carrying properties. Stress-strain curves generated by tensile loads are analyzed and experimentally validated at both the conductor and constituent-layer levels. Simulation results for the strain dependence of critical current are in good agreement with experiment data in both the reversible and irreversible degradation stages.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Metals and Alloys
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry