Stretchable batteries with self-similar serpentine interconnects and integrated wireless recharging systems

Sheng Xu, Yihui Zhang, Jiung Cho, Juhwan Lee, Xian Huang, Lin Jia, Jonathan A. Fan, Yewang Su, Jessica Su, Huigang Zhang, Huanyu Cheng, Bingwei Lu, Cunjiang Yu, Chi Chuang, Tae Il Kim, Taeseup Song, Kazuyo Shigeta, Sen Kang, Canan Dagdeviren, Ivan PetrovPaul V. Braun, Yonggang Huang, Ungyu Paik, John A. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

747 Scopus citations

Abstract

An important trend in electronics involves the development of materials, mechanical designs and manufacturing strategies that enable the use of unconventional substrates, such as polymer films, metal foils, paper sheets or rubber slabs. The last possibility is particularly challenging because the systems must accommodate not only bending but also stretching. Although several approaches are available for the electronics, a persistent difficulty is in power supplies that have similar mechanical properties, to allow their co-integration with the electronics. Here we introduce a set of materials and design concepts for a rechargeable lithium ion battery technology that exploits thin, low modulus silicone elastomers as substrates, with a segmented design in the active materials, and unusual 'self-similar' interconnect structures between them. The result enables reversible levels of stretchability up to 300%, while maintaining capacity densities of ∼1.1 mAh cm -2. Stretchable wireless power transmission systems provide the means to charge these types of batteries, without direct physical contact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1543
JournalNature communications
Volume4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 11 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Xu, S., Zhang, Y., Cho, J., Lee, J., Huang, X., Jia, L., Fan, J. A., Su, Y., Su, J., Zhang, H., Cheng, H., Lu, B., Yu, C., Chuang, C., Kim, T. I., Song, T., Shigeta, K., Kang, S., Dagdeviren, C., ... Rogers, J. A. (2013). Stretchable batteries with self-similar serpentine interconnects and integrated wireless recharging systems. Nature communications, 4, [1543]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms2553