Strong bragg scattering of low-frequency sound from a line source in shallow water. I: One uniform surface wave

Charles Holland, Greg Muncill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

A useful theoretical measure of acoustic interaction with the seafloor is the plane wave reflection coefficient (J?), which is commonly expressed as bottom loss (—20log ᴵ R ᴵ). Predictions indicate that when the seafloor is modeled as a refracting layer over a basement half-space, the bottom loss is proportional to frequency. Bottom loss measurements in the 50-1600-Hz b, however, frequently show a loss that is inversely proportional to frequency. For example, roughly one-third of a set of measured bottom loss data in the North Atlantic exhibit this anomalous frequency dependence. It is concluded that the anomalous frequency dependence is due to sedimentary fine-scale layering arising from turbidity currents. The evidence presented consists of (1) a high correlation between the anomalous bottom loss stations and the bounds of the abyssal plains and (2) favorable predictions between a model accounting for the layering and the measured data. The study area was the western North Atlantic including the Sohm, Hatteras, and Nares abyssal plains. A simple, approximate stochastic model of reflection from a quasiperiodic sedimentary sequence was developed that appears to account for the dominant physical mechanisms important in the reflection process in this type of physiographic province.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1609-1620
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume94
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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