We report the epitaxial growth of Bi 2Se 3 thin films on (0001) Al 2O 3 substrates by hybrid physical-chemical vapor deposition (HPCVD). The HPCVD technique combines the thermal decomposition of trimethylbismuth with the thermal evaporation of Se and leads to a high Se partial pressure in the growth ambient. The Bi 2Se 3 films are highly c-axis oriented on sapphire but contain planar defects including stacking faults and twin boundaries. Variable-temperature Hall-effect measurements demonstrate a carrier concentration of 5.8×10 18cm -3 and a mobility of 900 cm 2/Vs at 4.2 K. These results demonstrate the potential of HPCVD for producing high quality Bi 2Se 3 films for topological insulator studies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)