Structural and mutational analysis of archaeal ATP-dependent RNA ligase identifies amino acids required for RNA binding and catalysis

Huiqiong Gu, Shigeo Yoshinari, Raka Ghosh, Anna V. Ignatochkina, Paul D. Gollnick, Katsuhiko S. Murakami, C. Kiong Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

An ATP-dependent RNA ligase from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum (MthRnl) catalyzes intramolecular ligation of single-stranded RNA to form a closed circular RNA via covalent ligase-AMP and RNA-adenylylate intermediate. Here, we report the X-ray crystal structures of an MthRnl•ATP complex as well as the covalent MthRnl-AMP intermediate. We also performed structure-guided mutational analysis to survey the functions of 36 residues in three component steps of the ligation pathway including ligase-adenylylation (step 1), RNA adenylylation (step 2) and phosphodiester bond synthesis (step 3). Kinetic analysis underscored the importance of motif 1a loop structure in promoting phosphodiester bond synthesis. Alanine substitutions of Thr117 or Arg118 favor the reverse step 2 reaction to deadenylate the 5′-AMP from the RNA-adenylate, thereby inhibiting step 3 reaction. Tyr159, Phe281 and Glu285, which are conserved among archaeal ATP-dependent RNA ligases and are situated on the surface of the enzyme, are required for RNA binding. We propose an RNA binding interface of the MthRnl based on the mutational studies and two sulfate ions that co-crystallized at the active site cleft in the MthRnl-AMP complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2337-2347
Number of pages11
JournalNucleic acids research
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 20 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics

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