High-temperature structural behavior of a stuffed derivative of α-quartz, Mg0.5AlSiO4, has been investigated using in situ synchrotron-based angle-dispersive powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) from 299 to 1273 K. Rietveld analysis of the XRD data indicates that the framework of Mg0.5AlSiO4 remains isostructural with α-quartz throughout the temperature range tested. As in α-quartz, unit-cell parameters a and c and cell volume V of Mg0.5AlSiO4 increase with increasing temperature, primarily due to progressive tilting of [(Al,Si)O4] tetrahedra along the a axes. However, the rates of increase in the cell parameters and the rate of decrease in the tetrahedral tilt angle (δ) are much smaller for Mg0.5AlSiO4 than for α-quartz. This behavior can be attributed to the occupancy of Mg2+ over the octahedral channel sites in the α-quartz-type framework, effectively hindering the [(Al,Si)O4] tetrahedral tilting. As a result, the α- to β-quartz phase transformation, which exists in silica at 846 K, does not occur in Mg0.5AlSiO4 up to 1273 K, and probably beyond, to its melting point.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Geochemistry and Petrology