Structural characterization and strengthening mechanism of forsterite nanostructured scaffolds synthesized by multistep sintering method

Fariborz Tavangarian, Abbas Fahami, Guoqiang Li, Mohammadhassan Kazemi, Anoosha Forghani

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10 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, highly porous forsterite scaffolds with interconnected porosities were synthesized using multi-step sintering (MSS) method. The starting powder was nanosized forsterite, which was synthesized from talc and magnesium carbonate powders. The phase composition, average particle size and morphology of the produced forsterite powder were characterized by X-ray diffraction technique (XRD) and transition electron microscopy (TEM). Forsterite scaffolds were produced by foamy method using polymeric sponges. MSS process including three steps was used to efficiently sinter the forsterite nanopowders without destroying the initial porous structure of polymeric sponges. The results showed that MSS technique is an efficient and appropriate procedure to produce highly porous forsterite scaffolds with pore size in the range of 100–300 μm. The compressive strength, compressive modulus and porosity of C12 specimen (sintered at 1650 °C for 1 h with subsequent annealing at 1000 °C for 1000 min) was 1.88 MPa, 29.2 MPa, and 72.4%, respectively, which is very close to that of cancellous bone. The approach studied in this research can be developed for other nanostructure ceramics to produce highly porous scaffolds with interconnected porosities for load bearing applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2263-2270
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Science and Technology
Volume34
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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