Interface stresses strongly influence the functional property of 1-3 piezoelectric composites. Using the translucent nature of (1 - x)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-xPbTiO3 single crystals, we have studied stress distributions and domain configuration changes during poling inside the crystal rods by polarizing light microscopy and piezoresponse force microscopy. It was found that the interface stresses due to interaction with polymeric filler led a deformed rhombohedral phase and caused incomplete poling near rod-edges. Compared with "hard" epoxy (Epotek301) filler, "soft" epoxy (Stycast) filler showed weaker impact on the crystals rods and less influence on domain configurations. We also show that high temperature poling (70 °C) can substantially improve the piezoelectric coefficient of composites filled with hard epoxy due to creeping above the glass transition Tg. Analytic stress distribution equations based on cylinder rods were modified to explain the physical principle and to predict the stress distribution for square rods case, which was verified by finite element simulation to be accurate within 5%.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)