A series of ferroelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride-chlorotrifluoroethylene- trifluoroethylene)s, P(VDF-CTFE-TrFE), with systematically varied chemical compositions have been synthesized via a two-step approach consisting of copolymerization and dechlorination. The effect of polymer structure on polarization responses and dielectric properties has been investigated over a broad frequency and temperature range. As shown in the X-ray diffraction patterns, multiple phases coexist within the terpolymers as a result of the gauche conformation induced by the CTFE unit. The polarization hysteresis loops reveal the variation of remanent polarization and coercive electric field with the CTFE content due to the changes of crystallinity and crystalline phase. The observed broad dielectric constant peak with Vogel-Fulcher dielectric dispersion behavior suggests a transformation from a normal ferroelectric to a ferroelectric relaxor of the polymers. The relationship between the local relaxation process and relaxor ferroelectric behavior has been examined on the basis of the dielectric and mechanical loss tangents as a function of temperature.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry