Graphitization of carbon materials plays an important role their microstructures and conductivity, and then influences their applications. However, the graphitization of hydrothermal carbon spheres (CSs) has not systemically investigated heretofore. The CSs with 60–250 nm in diameter were prepared from aqueous glucose solution by hydrothermal carbonization, and were treated at the high temperatures of 900–2900 °C in Ar atmosphere. The heat-treated CSs have demonstrated that their surface structure, microstructure, porosity, and polygonization strongly depend on the treatment temperatures. These results are supported by scanning and transmission electron microscopes, energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry, Raman, X-ray diffraction, and BET surface area analyses. We also investigated the electrical properties of the heat-treated CSs under compression, and found that the resistivity of the carbon particles is very dependent on their surface, microstructure, density, and polygonization. Therefore, high temperature treatment is an effective method to tailor the structure, morphology, and property of the hydrothermal CSs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)