Structural models of extraversion, communication, and team performance

Gretchen A. Macht, David A. Nembhard, Jung Hyup Kim, Ling Rothrock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We consider the degree to which the Five Factor Model characteristic of individual extraversion is predictive of the overall performance of dyadic teams. An Anti-Air Warfare Coordinator (AAWC) simulation is employed in an experimental environment wherein dyads are required to communicate key information to complete a series of tasks. Communication is monitored with respect to the number of utterances, number of words per utterance, and the durations of each utterance. Several structural equation models are considered to examine the direct and indirect effects of individual extraversion on team performance. Notably, the degree of extraversion did not directly affect team performance. However, there are several models that indicate significant relationships between extraversion and team performance with communications as mediators. The current results contribute to the literature by adding to our understanding of the mediating variables that exist within the personality-performance team dynamic. Relevance to industry: Industry can use this research to better inform managers on metrics for team formation. This has the potential to improve the performance of teams and groups of teams. Our results reinforce the need for certain forms of communication to foster high performing team behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-91
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Structural Models
structural model
Communication
communication
performance
Industry
Military operations
Managers
Personality
Air
Extraversion (Psychology)
industry
Research
warfare
dyad
personality
communications
air
manager
simulation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Macht, Gretchen A. ; Nembhard, David A. ; Kim, Jung Hyup ; Rothrock, Ling. / Structural models of extraversion, communication, and team performance. In: International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. 2014 ; Vol. 44, No. 1. pp. 82-91.
@article{01004509419d462cbeb9835b2b988e1e,
title = "Structural models of extraversion, communication, and team performance",
abstract = "We consider the degree to which the Five Factor Model characteristic of individual extraversion is predictive of the overall performance of dyadic teams. An Anti-Air Warfare Coordinator (AAWC) simulation is employed in an experimental environment wherein dyads are required to communicate key information to complete a series of tasks. Communication is monitored with respect to the number of utterances, number of words per utterance, and the durations of each utterance. Several structural equation models are considered to examine the direct and indirect effects of individual extraversion on team performance. Notably, the degree of extraversion did not directly affect team performance. However, there are several models that indicate significant relationships between extraversion and team performance with communications as mediators. The current results contribute to the literature by adding to our understanding of the mediating variables that exist within the personality-performance team dynamic. Relevance to industry: Industry can use this research to better inform managers on metrics for team formation. This has the potential to improve the performance of teams and groups of teams. Our results reinforce the need for certain forms of communication to foster high performing team behavior.",
author = "Macht, {Gretchen A.} and Nembhard, {David A.} and Kim, {Jung Hyup} and Ling Rothrock",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ergon.2013.10.007",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "44",
pages = "82--91",
journal = "International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics",
issn = "0169-8141",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

Structural models of extraversion, communication, and team performance. / Macht, Gretchen A.; Nembhard, David A.; Kim, Jung Hyup; Rothrock, Ling.

In: International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Vol. 44, No. 1, 01.01.2014, p. 82-91.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Structural models of extraversion, communication, and team performance

AU - Macht, Gretchen A.

AU - Nembhard, David A.

AU - Kim, Jung Hyup

AU - Rothrock, Ling

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - We consider the degree to which the Five Factor Model characteristic of individual extraversion is predictive of the overall performance of dyadic teams. An Anti-Air Warfare Coordinator (AAWC) simulation is employed in an experimental environment wherein dyads are required to communicate key information to complete a series of tasks. Communication is monitored with respect to the number of utterances, number of words per utterance, and the durations of each utterance. Several structural equation models are considered to examine the direct and indirect effects of individual extraversion on team performance. Notably, the degree of extraversion did not directly affect team performance. However, there are several models that indicate significant relationships between extraversion and team performance with communications as mediators. The current results contribute to the literature by adding to our understanding of the mediating variables that exist within the personality-performance team dynamic. Relevance to industry: Industry can use this research to better inform managers on metrics for team formation. This has the potential to improve the performance of teams and groups of teams. Our results reinforce the need for certain forms of communication to foster high performing team behavior.

AB - We consider the degree to which the Five Factor Model characteristic of individual extraversion is predictive of the overall performance of dyadic teams. An Anti-Air Warfare Coordinator (AAWC) simulation is employed in an experimental environment wherein dyads are required to communicate key information to complete a series of tasks. Communication is monitored with respect to the number of utterances, number of words per utterance, and the durations of each utterance. Several structural equation models are considered to examine the direct and indirect effects of individual extraversion on team performance. Notably, the degree of extraversion did not directly affect team performance. However, there are several models that indicate significant relationships between extraversion and team performance with communications as mediators. The current results contribute to the literature by adding to our understanding of the mediating variables that exist within the personality-performance team dynamic. Relevance to industry: Industry can use this research to better inform managers on metrics for team formation. This has the potential to improve the performance of teams and groups of teams. Our results reinforce the need for certain forms of communication to foster high performing team behavior.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84889664662&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84889664662&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ergon.2013.10.007

DO - 10.1016/j.ergon.2013.10.007

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84889664662

VL - 44

SP - 82

EP - 91

JO - International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics

JF - International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics

SN - 0169-8141

IS - 1

ER -