Structural studies of salts of cis and trans ì-fluoro-bridged polymers of GeF5- and of the GeF5- Monomer

Thomas E. Mallouk, Bernard Desbat, Neil Bartlett

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Abstract

XeF5+GeF5- is orthorhombic, and at 20 ◦C a0 = 7.119 (2) Å,b0= 12.986 (4) Å, c0 = 7.398 (1) Å, and V = 683.9 (5) Å3; Z = 4, and the space group is Pmnb (a nonstandard setting of Pnma, No. 62). From 437 independent X-ray diffraction data, the structure was refined to a weighted R of 0.018 (unweighted R = 0.021) with a standard deviation in an observation of unit weight of 0.725. The structure contains infinite chains of GeF6 octahedra sharing trans vertices. The XeF5 cations are arranged alternately to left and right along the chain such that each cation approaches symmetrically two of the μ-fluoro-bridged GeF6 units. The nonbridging GeF4units are planar and approximately square, with Ge-F =1.75 (2) Å. The f-bridging Ge-Fdistance is 1.890 (1) Å. ClO2+GeF5- is orthorhombic, and at-105 ± 10 ◦C a0 = 14.64(2) Å, 60 = 7.576 (1) Å, c0 = 8.894 (2) Å, and V = 987.0 (4) Å3; Z = 8, and the space group is C2221 (No. 20). From 645 independent X-ray diffraction intensitydata, refinement led to convergence with a weighted R factor of 0.068 (unweighted R = 0.059)and a standard deviation in an observation of unit weight of 3.938. In the structure, infinite chains of approximately octahedral GeF6 units are joined by sharing cis vertices. This isan infinite helix having all Ge atoms of the chain nearly coplanar. The nonbridging Ge-F distances are in two sets, the shorter (Ge-F = 1.737 (4) and 1.728 (3) A) being cis to the bridging Ge-F bonds and the longer (Ge-F = 1.776 (3) and 1.768 (3) Å) being trans to the Ge-F bridging. The two μ-bridging Ge-F distances are not significantly different, at 1.887 (1) Å. The anion chains are held together by interactions with the cations. There are two crystallographically distinguishable ClO2+ units. Each lies on a twofold axis, and the closest cation to anion contacts (Cll-Fl = 2.539 (3) A; C12-F4 = 2.625 (3) ÅC12-F4 = 2.625 (3) Å) involve approach of F to Cl normal to the C1O2 triangle. Infrared and Raman spectra of the XeF5+GeF5- and C1O2+GF5- salts have been assigned. Similarities of the vibrational spectra of the latter to the spectra of the O2+ salt indicate that the same anion occurs in both. The vibrational data show that a third oligomeric form of the anion must occur in the NO2+, NF4+, and SF3+ salts. The tetrabutylammonium salt contains a monomeric anion of approximately D3h symmetry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3160-3166
Number of pages7
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume23
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

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Anions
Polymers
Salts
monomers
Monomers
Cations
anions
salts
polymers
cations
standard deviation
apexes
X ray diffraction
R Factors
Vibrational spectra
diffraction
triangles
helices
vibrational spectra
Raman scattering

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Mallouk, Thomas E. ; Desbat, Bernard ; Bartlett, Neil. / Structural studies of salts of cis and trans ì-fluoro-bridged polymers of GeF5- and of the GeF5- Monomer. In: Inorganic Chemistry. 1984 ; Vol. 23, No. 20. pp. 3160-3166.
@article{bdb3bf4ca3724a119c5dcd8a67baef3e,
title = "Structural studies of salts of cis and trans {\`i}-fluoro-bridged polymers of GeF5- and of the GeF5- Monomer",
abstract = "XeF5+GeF5- is orthorhombic, and at 20 ◦C a0 = 7.119 (2) {\AA},b0= 12.986 (4) {\AA}, c0 = 7.398 (1) {\AA}, and V = 683.9 (5) {\AA}3; Z = 4, and the space group is Pmnb (a nonstandard setting of Pnma, No. 62). From 437 independent X-ray diffraction data, the structure was refined to a weighted R of 0.018 (unweighted R = 0.021) with a standard deviation in an observation of unit weight of 0.725. The structure contains infinite chains of GeF6 octahedra sharing trans vertices. The XeF5 cations are arranged alternately to left and right along the chain such that each cation approaches symmetrically two of the μ-fluoro-bridged GeF6 units. The nonbridging GeF4units are planar and approximately square, with Ge-F =1.75 (2) {\AA}. The f-bridging Ge-Fdistance is 1.890 (1) {\AA}. ClO2+GeF5- is orthorhombic, and at-105 ± 10 ◦C a0 = 14.64(2) {\AA}, 60 = 7.576 (1) {\AA}, c0 = 8.894 (2) {\AA}, and V = 987.0 (4) {\AA}3; Z = 8, and the space group is C2221 (No. 20). From 645 independent X-ray diffraction intensitydata, refinement led to convergence with a weighted R factor of 0.068 (unweighted R = 0.059)and a standard deviation in an observation of unit weight of 3.938. In the structure, infinite chains of approximately octahedral GeF6 units are joined by sharing cis vertices. This isan infinite helix having all Ge atoms of the chain nearly coplanar. The nonbridging Ge-F distances are in two sets, the shorter (Ge-F = 1.737 (4) and 1.728 (3) A) being cis to the bridging Ge-F bonds and the longer (Ge-F = 1.776 (3) and 1.768 (3) {\AA}) being trans to the Ge-F bridging. The two μ-bridging Ge-F distances are not significantly different, at 1.887 (1) {\AA}. The anion chains are held together by interactions with the cations. There are two crystallographically distinguishable ClO2+ units. Each lies on a twofold axis, and the closest cation to anion contacts (Cll-Fl = 2.539 (3) A; C12-F4 = 2.625 (3) {\AA}C12-F4 = 2.625 (3) {\AA}) involve approach of F to Cl normal to the C1O2 triangle. Infrared and Raman spectra of the XeF5+GeF5- and C1O2+GF5- salts have been assigned. Similarities of the vibrational spectra of the latter to the spectra of the O2+ salt indicate that the same anion occurs in both. The vibrational data show that a third oligomeric form of the anion must occur in the NO2+, NF4+, and SF3+ salts. The tetrabutylammonium salt contains a monomeric anion of approximately D3h symmetry.",
author = "Mallouk, {Thomas E.} and Bernard Desbat and Neil Bartlett",
year = "1984",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1021/ic00188a027",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "3160--3166",
journal = "Inorganic Chemistry",
issn = "0020-1669",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
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Structural studies of salts of cis and trans ì-fluoro-bridged polymers of GeF5- and of the GeF5- Monomer. / Mallouk, Thomas E.; Desbat, Bernard; Bartlett, Neil.

In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 23, No. 20, 01.01.1984, p. 3160-3166.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Structural studies of salts of cis and trans ì-fluoro-bridged polymers of GeF5- and of the GeF5- Monomer

AU - Mallouk, Thomas E.

AU - Desbat, Bernard

AU - Bartlett, Neil

PY - 1984/1/1

Y1 - 1984/1/1

N2 - XeF5+GeF5- is orthorhombic, and at 20 ◦C a0 = 7.119 (2) Å,b0= 12.986 (4) Å, c0 = 7.398 (1) Å, and V = 683.9 (5) Å3; Z = 4, and the space group is Pmnb (a nonstandard setting of Pnma, No. 62). From 437 independent X-ray diffraction data, the structure was refined to a weighted R of 0.018 (unweighted R = 0.021) with a standard deviation in an observation of unit weight of 0.725. The structure contains infinite chains of GeF6 octahedra sharing trans vertices. The XeF5 cations are arranged alternately to left and right along the chain such that each cation approaches symmetrically two of the μ-fluoro-bridged GeF6 units. The nonbridging GeF4units are planar and approximately square, with Ge-F =1.75 (2) Å. The f-bridging Ge-Fdistance is 1.890 (1) Å. ClO2+GeF5- is orthorhombic, and at-105 ± 10 ◦C a0 = 14.64(2) Å, 60 = 7.576 (1) Å, c0 = 8.894 (2) Å, and V = 987.0 (4) Å3; Z = 8, and the space group is C2221 (No. 20). From 645 independent X-ray diffraction intensitydata, refinement led to convergence with a weighted R factor of 0.068 (unweighted R = 0.059)and a standard deviation in an observation of unit weight of 3.938. In the structure, infinite chains of approximately octahedral GeF6 units are joined by sharing cis vertices. This isan infinite helix having all Ge atoms of the chain nearly coplanar. The nonbridging Ge-F distances are in two sets, the shorter (Ge-F = 1.737 (4) and 1.728 (3) A) being cis to the bridging Ge-F bonds and the longer (Ge-F = 1.776 (3) and 1.768 (3) Å) being trans to the Ge-F bridging. The two μ-bridging Ge-F distances are not significantly different, at 1.887 (1) Å. The anion chains are held together by interactions with the cations. There are two crystallographically distinguishable ClO2+ units. Each lies on a twofold axis, and the closest cation to anion contacts (Cll-Fl = 2.539 (3) A; C12-F4 = 2.625 (3) ÅC12-F4 = 2.625 (3) Å) involve approach of F to Cl normal to the C1O2 triangle. Infrared and Raman spectra of the XeF5+GeF5- and C1O2+GF5- salts have been assigned. Similarities of the vibrational spectra of the latter to the spectra of the O2+ salt indicate that the same anion occurs in both. The vibrational data show that a third oligomeric form of the anion must occur in the NO2+, NF4+, and SF3+ salts. The tetrabutylammonium salt contains a monomeric anion of approximately D3h symmetry.

AB - XeF5+GeF5- is orthorhombic, and at 20 ◦C a0 = 7.119 (2) Å,b0= 12.986 (4) Å, c0 = 7.398 (1) Å, and V = 683.9 (5) Å3; Z = 4, and the space group is Pmnb (a nonstandard setting of Pnma, No. 62). From 437 independent X-ray diffraction data, the structure was refined to a weighted R of 0.018 (unweighted R = 0.021) with a standard deviation in an observation of unit weight of 0.725. The structure contains infinite chains of GeF6 octahedra sharing trans vertices. The XeF5 cations are arranged alternately to left and right along the chain such that each cation approaches symmetrically two of the μ-fluoro-bridged GeF6 units. The nonbridging GeF4units are planar and approximately square, with Ge-F =1.75 (2) Å. The f-bridging Ge-Fdistance is 1.890 (1) Å. ClO2+GeF5- is orthorhombic, and at-105 ± 10 ◦C a0 = 14.64(2) Å, 60 = 7.576 (1) Å, c0 = 8.894 (2) Å, and V = 987.0 (4) Å3; Z = 8, and the space group is C2221 (No. 20). From 645 independent X-ray diffraction intensitydata, refinement led to convergence with a weighted R factor of 0.068 (unweighted R = 0.059)and a standard deviation in an observation of unit weight of 3.938. In the structure, infinite chains of approximately octahedral GeF6 units are joined by sharing cis vertices. This isan infinite helix having all Ge atoms of the chain nearly coplanar. The nonbridging Ge-F distances are in two sets, the shorter (Ge-F = 1.737 (4) and 1.728 (3) A) being cis to the bridging Ge-F bonds and the longer (Ge-F = 1.776 (3) and 1.768 (3) Å) being trans to the Ge-F bridging. The two μ-bridging Ge-F distances are not significantly different, at 1.887 (1) Å. The anion chains are held together by interactions with the cations. There are two crystallographically distinguishable ClO2+ units. Each lies on a twofold axis, and the closest cation to anion contacts (Cll-Fl = 2.539 (3) A; C12-F4 = 2.625 (3) ÅC12-F4 = 2.625 (3) Å) involve approach of F to Cl normal to the C1O2 triangle. Infrared and Raman spectra of the XeF5+GeF5- and C1O2+GF5- salts have been assigned. Similarities of the vibrational spectra of the latter to the spectra of the O2+ salt indicate that the same anion occurs in both. The vibrational data show that a third oligomeric form of the anion must occur in the NO2+, NF4+, and SF3+ salts. The tetrabutylammonium salt contains a monomeric anion of approximately D3h symmetry.

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