Structure and dynamic properties of twist boundaries in NaCl through a molecular dynamics study

Long Qing Chen, G. Kalonji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

NaCl Σ = 5 [001] twist boundaries, in which the ions interact through the rigid-ion model of Tosi and Fumi, have been studied by a constant-pressure molecular dynamics simulation. The Tasker-Duffy structure, in which Schottky defects are introduced on the boundary plane, was found to be stable up to the bulk melting temperature Tm. Excess grain-boundary thermodynamic properties, including the excess entropy and excess free energy, were calculated from low temperatures up to the bulk melting temperatures. The boundary stress changes significantly and even changes sign as the system is heated. An analysis of the temperature dependence of the local structural and thermodynamic properties near the boundary revealed that the thickness of the region affected by the boundary is very narrow, for the pure stoichiometric boundaries studied. Although significant disorder due to vacancy migration occurs above about 1013 K (0-95Tm), no grain-boundary melting transition was observed well below Tm. The values of the diffusion coefficients calculated for both the cations and the anions near the boundary region approach those corresponding to the supercooled liquid as disordering at the boundary progresses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)525-544
Number of pages20
JournalPhilosophical Magazine A: Physics of Condensed Matter, Structure, Defects and Mechanical Properties
Volume60
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1989

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Metals and Alloys

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