Structure and electrical properties of lead-free Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-based ceramics for energy-storage applications

Qi Xu, Hanxing Liu, Lin Zhang, Juan Xie, Hua Hao, Minghe Cao, Zhonghua Yao, Michael T. Lanagan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new energy-storage ceramic system based on (1 - x)(Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-BaTiO3)-xNaTaO3 ((1 - x)(BNT-BT)-xNT) is reported in this study. XRD refinement indicated a composition induced rhombohedral to tetragonal phase transition. All the samples exhibited a dense microstructure with an average grain size of 1.2-1.9 μm. The introduction of NT greatly improved the temperature stability of the dielectric properties for the BNT-BT system. For compositions x = 0.03-0.15, the working temperature range spanned over 260 °C satisfying TCC150 °C ≤ ±15%. The electric conductivity as a function of frequency followed the double power law. In the temperature region of 325-500 °C, the activation energy of DC conduction ranged from 1.47 eV to 1.71 eV, indicating intrinsic band-type electronic conduction. The optimum energy-storage properties were obtained in 0.90(BNT-BT)-0.10NT with an energy-storage density of 1.2 J cm-3 and energy-storage efficiency of 74.8% at 10 kV mm-1. The results demonstrate that (1-x)(BNT-BT)-xNT ceramics are promising candidates for high-temperature energy-storage applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59280-59291
Number of pages12
JournalRSC Advances
Volume6
Issue number64
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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