Structure of an l-arabino-d-xylan from the bark of Cinnamomum zeylanicum

Channe Gowda, Chitra Sarathy

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Abstract

An arabinoxylan isolated from the bark of Cinnamomum zeylanicum was composed of l-arabinose and d-xylose in the molar ratio 1.6:1.0. Partial hydrolysis furnished oligosaccharides which were characterised as α-d-Xylp-(1→3)-d-Ara, β-dXylp-(1→4)-d-Xyl, β-d-Xylp-(1→4)-β-d-Xylp-(1→4)-d-Xyl, β-d-Xylp-(1→4)-β-d-Xylp-(1→4)-β-d-Xylp-Xylp-(1→4)-d-Xyl, xylopentaose, and xylohexaose. Mild acid hydrolysis of the arabinoxylan gave a degraded polysaccharide consisting of l-arabinose (8%) and d-xyolse (92%). Methylation analysis indicated the degraded polysaccharide to be a linear (1→4)-linked d-xlan in which some xylopyranosyl residues were substituted at O-2 or O-3 with l-arabinofuranosyl groups. These data together with the results of methylation analysis and periodate oxidation of the arabinoxylan suggested that it contained a (1→4)-linked β-d-xylan backbone in which each xylopyranosyl residue was substituted both at O-2 and O-3 with l-arabinofuranosyl, 3-O-α-d-xylopyranosyl-l-arabinofuranosyl, and 3-O-l-arabinofuranosyl-l-arabinofuranosyl groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-269
Number of pages7
JournalCarbohydrate Research
Volume166
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1987

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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