An arabinoxylan isolated from the bark of Cinnamomum zeylanicum was composed of l-arabinose and d-xylose in the molar ratio 1.6:1.0. Partial hydrolysis furnished oligosaccharides which were characterised as α-d-Xylp-(1→3)-d-Ara, β-dXylp-(1→4)-d-Xyl, β-d-Xylp-(1→4)-β-d-Xylp-(1→4)-d-Xyl, β-d-Xylp-(1→4)-β-d-Xylp-(1→4)-β-d-Xylp-Xylp-(1→4)-d-Xyl, xylopentaose, and xylohexaose. Mild acid hydrolysis of the arabinoxylan gave a degraded polysaccharide consisting of l-arabinose (8%) and d-xyolse (92%). Methylation analysis indicated the degraded polysaccharide to be a linear (1→4)-linked d-xlan in which some xylopyranosyl residues were substituted at O-2 or O-3 with l-arabinofuranosyl groups. These data together with the results of methylation analysis and periodate oxidation of the arabinoxylan suggested that it contained a (1→4)-linked β-d-xylan backbone in which each xylopyranosyl residue was substituted both at O-2 and O-3 with l-arabinofuranosyl, 3-O-α-d-xylopyranosyl-l-arabinofuranosyl, and 3-O-l-arabinofuranosyl-l-arabinofuranosyl groups.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry