Understanding the composition dependence of the atomic structure of multicomponent aluminosilicate glasses is a challenging problem. Aluminum has a crucial influence on the structure-property relations in these systems, but there are still questions regarding its local structural environment. Here, we present results detailing the network structure of twenty quaternary MgO/CaO-Na2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glasses upon Al2O3-for-SiO2 and MgO-for-CaO substitutions using room temperature and in situ high-temperature Raman spectroscopy. The Raman spectra reveal that the Mg-containing glasses violate the Al-avoidance at lower Al2O3 concentration than the Ca-containing glasses. Furthermore, the alkaline earth ions acting as charge-compensators for tetrahedral aluminum are found to have a similar effect on the network structure (Qn speciation and Al/Si mixing), while they affect the network differently when they are in a modifying role. Increasing cation field strength allows for stabilization of networks with a larger distribution of bond angles.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry