Self-determination theory provides a complex yet practical understanding of motivation in sport. This study used a mixed-methods design to evaluate effects of an off-season extrinsic reward system on basic psychological need fulfillment and motivation of collegiate football players. Quantitative analyses indicated no statistically significant change in psychological need fulfillment, statistically significant decreases in amotivation and extrinsic regulation, and statistically significant increases in intrinsic motivation. Emergent qualitative themes included (a) rewarded behaviors were not meaningfully connected to successful performance; (b) extrinsic rewards were enjoyable, but not motivating; and (c) program effectiveness was heavily influenced by individual differences.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Psychology