Student perceptions of aggressive behaviors and predictive patterns of perpetration and victimization: The role of age and sex

Brenda Russell, Shane W. Kraus, Traci Ceccherini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


This study investigated a rural sample of boys' and girls' (N = 205) perceptions of what behaviors constitute bullying and examined whether being a victim of aggression was predictive of perpetrating physical and relational aggression. Results indicated that predictors of perpetrating relational aggression included victimization of relational aggression, student age, and perpetration of physical aggression. Predictors of physical aggression included perpetration of relational aggression and being a victim of physical aggression. A mixed model MANOVA indicated that students were more likely to perceive physical aggression as bullying and younger students found both physical and relational aggression more hurtful than older students. Results suggest the behaviors students perceive as bullying vary with age and gender and demonstrate the relationship between victimization and perpetration of physical and relational aggression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-270
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of School Violence
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2010


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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