Studies of hominid-Faunal interactions at Olduvai Borge

Patty Lee Shipman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study reports data on cutmarked bones from all major postcranial skeletal elements of bovids and very large mammals (giraffids, hippopotamids, rhinocerotids, and proboscideans) from Bed I, Olduvai Gorge. Data are analyzed in terms of three main foci: (1) the strategy of foodprocurement (scavenging versus hunting); (2) the patterns of carcass utilization; (3) the paleoecology and habitat of the sites at which these cutamarking activities occurred. New formulations of the predictions of scavenging and hunting hypotheses are given; tests suggest that the scavenging hypothesis is still supported by the Olduvai cutmark data. Different patterns of carcass-utilization for bovids and large mammals are documented, with meat and/or skin being the apparent most common focus of bovid utilization and fat the apparent focus of large mammal utilization. Many more cutmarked bovid specimens are found and the activities producing these marks, however the carcasses were acquired, seems to have been preferentially performed in wetter, more closed habitats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)691-706
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Human Evolution
Volume15
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

Fingerprint

Olduvai event
hominid
Hominidae
utilization
mammals
mammal
interaction
hunting
habitat
paleoecology
habitats
skin (animal)
gorge
bones
meat
fat
bone
skin
prediction
lipids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Anthropology

Cite this

Shipman, Patty Lee. / Studies of hominid-Faunal interactions at Olduvai Borge. In: Journal of Human Evolution. 1986 ; Vol. 15, No. 8. pp. 691-706.
@article{87e39f09225c47e49d6629c7d2697609,
title = "Studies of hominid-Faunal interactions at Olduvai Borge",
abstract = "This study reports data on cutmarked bones from all major postcranial skeletal elements of bovids and very large mammals (giraffids, hippopotamids, rhinocerotids, and proboscideans) from Bed I, Olduvai Gorge. Data are analyzed in terms of three main foci: (1) the strategy of foodprocurement (scavenging versus hunting); (2) the patterns of carcass utilization; (3) the paleoecology and habitat of the sites at which these cutamarking activities occurred. New formulations of the predictions of scavenging and hunting hypotheses are given; tests suggest that the scavenging hypothesis is still supported by the Olduvai cutmark data. Different patterns of carcass-utilization for bovids and large mammals are documented, with meat and/or skin being the apparent most common focus of bovid utilization and fat the apparent focus of large mammal utilization. Many more cutmarked bovid specimens are found and the activities producing these marks, however the carcasses were acquired, seems to have been preferentially performed in wetter, more closed habitats.",
author = "Shipman, {Patty Lee}",
year = "1986",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S0047-2484(86)80005-7",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "691--706",
journal = "Journal of Human Evolution",
issn = "0047-2484",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "8",

}

Studies of hominid-Faunal interactions at Olduvai Borge. / Shipman, Patty Lee.

In: Journal of Human Evolution, Vol. 15, No. 8, 01.01.1986, p. 691-706.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Studies of hominid-Faunal interactions at Olduvai Borge

AU - Shipman, Patty Lee

PY - 1986/1/1

Y1 - 1986/1/1

N2 - This study reports data on cutmarked bones from all major postcranial skeletal elements of bovids and very large mammals (giraffids, hippopotamids, rhinocerotids, and proboscideans) from Bed I, Olduvai Gorge. Data are analyzed in terms of three main foci: (1) the strategy of foodprocurement (scavenging versus hunting); (2) the patterns of carcass utilization; (3) the paleoecology and habitat of the sites at which these cutamarking activities occurred. New formulations of the predictions of scavenging and hunting hypotheses are given; tests suggest that the scavenging hypothesis is still supported by the Olduvai cutmark data. Different patterns of carcass-utilization for bovids and large mammals are documented, with meat and/or skin being the apparent most common focus of bovid utilization and fat the apparent focus of large mammal utilization. Many more cutmarked bovid specimens are found and the activities producing these marks, however the carcasses were acquired, seems to have been preferentially performed in wetter, more closed habitats.

AB - This study reports data on cutmarked bones from all major postcranial skeletal elements of bovids and very large mammals (giraffids, hippopotamids, rhinocerotids, and proboscideans) from Bed I, Olduvai Gorge. Data are analyzed in terms of three main foci: (1) the strategy of foodprocurement (scavenging versus hunting); (2) the patterns of carcass utilization; (3) the paleoecology and habitat of the sites at which these cutamarking activities occurred. New formulations of the predictions of scavenging and hunting hypotheses are given; tests suggest that the scavenging hypothesis is still supported by the Olduvai cutmark data. Different patterns of carcass-utilization for bovids and large mammals are documented, with meat and/or skin being the apparent most common focus of bovid utilization and fat the apparent focus of large mammal utilization. Many more cutmarked bovid specimens are found and the activities producing these marks, however the carcasses were acquired, seems to have been preferentially performed in wetter, more closed habitats.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0039986584&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0039986584&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0047-2484(86)80005-7

DO - 10.1016/S0047-2484(86)80005-7

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0039986584

VL - 15

SP - 691

EP - 706

JO - Journal of Human Evolution

JF - Journal of Human Evolution

SN - 0047-2484

IS - 8

ER -