Polyaromatic thiophene compounds are found to occur concomitantly with numerous coal-derived products and shale oils and are suspected mutagens and/or carcinogens. The first synthesis of the two title compounds 9 and 16 has been achieved in five or four steps starting from 8,9-dihydroacenaphtho[1,2-b]benzo[d]thiophene (1) and 7-methoxynaphtho[1,2-b]thiophene (12), respectively. Compound 1 was converted to the cis-diol (11) (via treatment with OsO4/pyridine) or to trans-diol (3) [via Prevost reaction (PhCOOAg/I2) followed by hydrolysis] in 95-98% yield, respectively. Subsequent dehydration (PTS/benzene) of the diol followed by aromatization of the resulting ketone (5) produced the phenolic compound 6 in 97% yield. Oxidation of the phenol with phenyl iododiacetate followed by hydrolysis of the o-quinone monoketal 7 gave the o-quinone (8) in 86% yield. Stereoselective reduction of 8 with NaBH4/EtOH under oxygen afforded trans-10,11-dihydroxy-10,11-dihydroacenaphtho[1,2-b]benzo[d]thiophene(9) (orange yellow solid) in 55% yield. Compound 16 was obtained as a colorless solid, through the stereoselective reduction of the o-quinone 15 (with NaBH4), which in turn was prepared from 12 following the protocol of functional group transformation of methoxy → phenol → o-quinone monoketal → o-quinone, as used in the previous case. The yields for all the steps are very good. The mutagenicity assay of compound 9 and 16 as well as their parent thiaarenes have been performed. The results showed that 9 may not be the proximate carcinogen of acenaphtho[1,2-b]benzo[d]thiophene, while it is likely that compound 16 is one of the possible proximate carcinogens for naphtho[1,2-b]thiophene.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry